ꯍꯦꯕ꯭ꯔꯤꯎ ꯂꯣꯟ

ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
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ꯍꯦꯕ꯭ꯔꯤꯎ ꯂꯣꯟ
עִבְרִית
Temple Scroll.png
Portion of the Temple Scroll, one of the longest of the Dead Sea Scrolls discovered at Qumran
ꯑꯆꯨꯝꯕ ꯈꯣꯟꯊꯣꯛModern: [ivˈʁit]
Tiberian: [ʕiv'rit][꯱]
ꯃꯃꯥꯂꯣꯟꯏꯁꯔꯦꯜ
ꯃꯐꯝLand of Israel
ꯐꯨꯔꯨꯞIsraelites; ꯖꯤꯎꯁ ꯱ꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯃꯥꯔꯤꯇꯥꯟꯁ
ꯉꯥꯡꯅꯗꯔꯕ ꯂꯣꯟMishnaic Hebrew extinct as a spoken language by the 5th century CE, surviving as a liturgical language along with Biblical Hebrew for Judaism[꯲][꯳][꯵]
ꯍꯤꯡꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄRevived in the late 19th century CE. ꯹ million speakers of Modern Hebrew of which 5 million are native speakers (2017)[꯶]
Early forms
ꯐꯖꯅꯥ ꯂꯦꯞꯊꯣꯛꯂꯕ ꯃꯑꯣꯡ
Hebrew alphabet
Hebrew Braille
Paleo-Hebrew alphabet (Archaic Biblical Hebrew)
Imperial Aramaic script (Late Biblical Hebrew)
Signed Hebrew (oral Hebrew accompanied by sign)[꯷]
Official status
ꯑꯣꯐꯤꯁꯤꯑꯦꯜ ꯂꯣꯟ
ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:ISR (as Modern Hebrew)[꯸]
ꯑꯄꯤꯛꯄ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯁꯛꯈꯪꯂꯕ
ꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤꯡ
ꯌꯦꯡꯁꯤꯟꯂꯤꯕꯁꯤꯡAcademy of the Hebrew Language
האקדמיה ללשון העברית ([HaAkademia LaLashon HaʿIvrit] error: {{transl}}: unrecognized language / script code: he (help))
Language codes
ꯑꯥꯏꯑꯦꯁꯑꯣ ꯶꯳꯹-꯱he
ꯑꯥꯏꯑꯦꯁꯑꯣ ꯶꯳꯹-꯲heb
ꯑꯥꯏꯑꯦꯁꯑꯣ ꯶꯳꯹-꯳Variously:
heb – Modern Hebrew
hbo – Classical Hebrew (liturgical)
smp – Samaritan Hebrew (liturgical)
obm – Moabite (extinct)
xdm – Edomite (extinct)
ꯒ꯭ꯂꯣꯇꯣꯂꯣꯒhebr1246[꯱꯱]
ꯐꯥꯎꯅꯂꯣꯟ ꯃꯀꯣꯏ12-AAB-a
ꯃꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯦꯡꯁꯤ ꯑꯥꯏꯄꯤꯑꯦ ꯐꯣꯅꯦꯇꯤꯛ ꯈꯨꯗꯝꯁꯤꯡ ꯌꯥꯎꯏ ꯫ ꯆꯞꯆꯥꯕ ꯃꯇꯦꯡ:IPA#Rendering issues|ꯌꯥꯎꯗꯔꯗꯤ, ꯑꯍꯪꯕ ꯈꯨꯗꯝ ꯅꯠꯇ꯭ꯔꯒ ꯁꯛꯎꯗꯕ ꯎꯄꯨ ꯃꯆꯥ ꯎꯒꯅꯤ ꯌꯨꯅꯤꯀꯣꯗ ꯎꯕꯒꯤ ꯃꯍꯨꯠꯇꯥ ꯫ ꯑꯥꯏꯄꯤꯑꯦ ꯈꯨꯗꯝꯁꯤꯡ ꯃꯁꯤ ꯌꯦꯡꯉꯨ ꯃꯇꯦꯡ:ꯑꯥꯏꯄꯤꯑꯦ
The word HEBREW written in modern Hebrew language (top) and in Paleo-Hebrew alphabet (bottom)

ꯍꯦꯕ꯭ꯔꯤꯎ (ꯍꯦꯕ꯭ꯔꯤꯎ: עִבְרִית) About this sound Ivrit , ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:IPA-he or ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:IPA-he) ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯁꯤ ꯑꯦꯐ꯭ꯔꯣꯑꯦꯁꯤꯌꯥꯇꯤꯛ ꯂꯣꯟ ꯏꯃꯨꯡ ꯃꯅꯨꯡ ꯆꯟꯕ ꯑꯋꯥꯡꯅꯣꯡꯆꯨꯞ ꯁꯤꯃꯦꯟꯇꯤꯛ ꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯄꯨꯋꯥꯔꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯤꯠꯌꯦꯡꯗ ꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯏꯁꯔꯦꯜꯂꯥꯏꯠꯁ, ꯖꯨꯗꯤꯑꯦꯟꯁ ꯱ꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯈꯣꯏꯒꯤ ꯃꯄꯥ ꯃꯄꯨꯒꯤ ꯂꯣꯟꯅꯤ ꯍꯥꯏꯅ ꯂꯧꯅꯩ ꯫ ꯀꯦꯅꯥꯅꯥꯏꯠ ꯂꯦꯟꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗ ꯃꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤ ꯈꯛꯇꯅꯤ ꯍꯧꯖꯤꯛꯐꯥꯎ ꯉꯥꯡꯅꯔꯤꯕ ꯱ꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯤꯈꯔꯕ ꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯁꯤꯕ ꯍꯤꯒꯠꯍꯟꯕ ꯉꯝꯕ ꯑꯃꯗꯤ ꯑꯋꯥꯡꯅꯣꯡꯆꯨꯞ ꯁꯤꯃꯦꯟꯇꯤꯛ ꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗ ꯉꯥꯡꯅꯔꯤꯕ ꯂꯣꯟ ꯲ꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯱ꯁꯨꯡ ꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯃꯗꯨꯅ ꯑꯔꯥꯃꯥꯏꯛ ꯂꯣꯟꯅꯤ ꯫[꯱꯲][꯱꯳]

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

  1. Sephardi: [ʕivˈɾit]; Iraqi: [ʕibˈriːθ]; Yemenite: [ʕivˈriːθ]; Ashkenazi: [iv'ʀis] or [iv'ris] strict pronunciation [ʔiv'ris] or [ʔiv'ʀis]
  2. Cite ꯑꯔꯥꯟꯕ: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ASB
  3. H. S. Nyberg 1952. Hebreisk Grammatik. s. 2. Reprinted in Sweden by Universitetstryckeriet, Uppsala 2006.
  4. Hebrew language.
  5. Modern Hebrew at ꯏꯊꯅꯣꯂꯣꯒ (19th ed., 2016)
    Classical Hebrew (liturgical) at ꯏꯊꯅꯣꯂꯣꯒ (19th ed., 2016)
    Samaritan Hebrew (liturgical) at ꯏꯊꯅꯣꯂꯣꯒ (19th ed., 2016)
    Moabite (extinct) at ꯏꯊꯅꯣꯂꯣꯒ (19th ed., 2016)
    Edomite (extinct) at ꯏꯊꯅꯣꯂꯣꯒ (19th ed., 2016)
  6. Hebrew.
  7. (2013) A Language in Space: The Story of Israeli Sign Language. 
  8. BASIC LAW: ISRAEL - THE NATION STATE OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE. The State of Israel.
  9. Pisarek, Walery. The relationship between official and minority languages in Poland. European Federation of National Institutions for Language.
  10. Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 – Chapter 1: Founding Provisions | South African Government.
  11. (2013) "Hebrewic", Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  12. (2005) Saving Languages: An Introduction to Language Revitalization. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 63. ISBN 978-0521016520. “Hebrew is cited by Paulston et al. (1993:276) as 'the only true example of language revival.'” 
  13. "Once 'dead' language brings Israel to life Hebrew: After 1,700 years, a revived language becomes a common thread knitting together a nation of immigrants with little in common except religion"꯫ The Baltimore Sun꯫ 26 April 1998 ꯫