ꯄꯤꯌꯔ ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ

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ꯄꯤꯌꯔ ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ (꯱꯴ ꯗꯤꯁꯦꯝꯕꯔ ꯱꯸꯲꯴)꯫ – ꯲꯴ ꯑꯣꯛꯇꯣꯕꯔ ꯱꯸꯹꯸) ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯔꯦꯜ ꯄꯦꯟꯇꯤꯡꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯈꯪꯅꯔꯕ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯀꯤ ꯂꯥꯏꯌꯦꯛꯄ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ, ꯃꯍꯥꯀꯄꯨ "ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯀꯤ ꯄꯦꯏꯟꯇꯔ" ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯈꯪꯅꯔꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯱] ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯁꯣꯁꯥꯏꯇꯤ ꯅꯦꯁꯅꯦꯜ ꯗꯦꯁ ꯕꯤꯎꯁ-ꯑꯥꯔꯠꯁꯀꯤ ꯀꯣ-ꯐꯧꯎꯟꯗꯔ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯁꯤꯗꯦꯟꯇ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯊꯕꯛꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯑꯇꯣꯞꯄꯥ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯤꯁ꯭ꯠ ꯀꯌꯥꯗꯥ ꯏꯊꯤꯜ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ, ꯃꯔꯨ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯔꯕꯥꯔꯠ ꯖꯦꯅꯤꯟ . ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕ ꯇꯔꯦꯠꯁꯨꯕ ꯔꯤꯄꯕ꯭ꯂꯤꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯃꯤꯡ ꯂꯩꯔꯕꯥ ꯄꯦꯟꯠꯔꯤ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯝꯃꯤ . ꯏꯃꯤꯜ ꯖꯣꯂꯥꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ “ꯃꯔꯝ, ꯄꯥꯃꯖꯕ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯅꯥ ꯁꯦꯝꯕ ꯀꯂꯥ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ” ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯐꯣꯡꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯲]

ꯉꯜꯂꯤꯉꯩꯒꯤ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯩ-ꯃꯁꯤꯡ ꯇꯝꯕ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯀꯤ ꯂꯤꯌꯣꯟꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯥꯛꯇꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯄꯤꯌꯔ-ꯁꯦꯁꯤꯜ ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁꯇꯥ ꯗꯤꯁꯦꯝꯕꯔ ꯱꯴, ꯱꯸꯲꯴ ꯗꯥ ꯄꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯃꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡ ꯏꯟꯖꯤꯅꯤꯌꯔ ꯑꯃꯒꯤ ꯃꯆꯥꯅꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯕꯔꯒꯟꯗꯥꯒꯤ ꯑꯔꯤꯕ ꯅꯣꯕꯦꯜ ꯏꯃꯨꯡ ꯑꯃꯗꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯛꯈꯤꯕꯅꯤ . ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯏꯄꯥ-ꯏꯄꯨꯒꯤ "ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ" ꯍꯥꯏꯅ ꯍꯥꯞꯆꯤꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤ ꯆꯨꯞꯄꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯂꯤꯌꯟꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯂꯥꯟꯅꯥ ꯂꯃꯖꯤꯡꯈꯤ, ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯄꯥꯅꯥ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯈꯤꯕ ꯃꯐꯝ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯔꯤꯕ ꯕꯔꯒꯟꯗꯥꯒꯤ ‘ꯑꯆꯦꯠꯄꯥ’ ꯏꯁꯤꯡꯒꯥ ꯃꯁꯥꯕꯨ ꯃꯁꯛ ꯈꯪꯗꯣꯛꯄꯥ ꯄꯥꯝꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯳]

ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁꯅꯥ ꯑꯦꯃꯤꯌꯦꯟꯁ ꯀꯣꯂꯦꯖꯗꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯄꯦꯔꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯂꯥꯏꯁꯦ ꯍꯦꯅꯔꯤ IV ꯗꯥ ꯂꯥꯏꯔꯤꯛ ꯇꯃꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯄꯥꯒꯤ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯣꯐꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯇꯨꯡ ꯏꯟꯗꯨꯅ ꯆꯠꯅꯕ ꯋꯥꯁꯛꯈꯤ, ꯃꯗꯨ ꯌꯥꯝꯅ ꯁꯥꯊꯤꯕ ꯑꯅꯥꯕꯥ ꯑꯃꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯄꯨ ꯱꯸꯴꯴ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯱꯸꯴꯵ꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯔꯨꯞ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯆꯥꯅꯨꯄꯥꯒꯥ ꯂꯣꯌꯟꯅꯥ ꯃꯦꯀꯟꯗꯥ ꯐꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯥ ꯉꯃꯍꯟꯈꯤ, ꯃꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯂꯥꯏꯔꯤꯛ ꯇꯝꯕꯗꯥ ꯑꯀꯥꯏꯕ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯏꯇꯥꯂꯤꯗ ꯆꯠꯈꯤꯕ ꯈꯣꯡꯆꯠ ꯑꯃꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯗ ꯑꯅꯧꯕ ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤꯡ ꯍꯥꯡꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯱꯸꯴꯶ꯇꯥ ꯄꯦꯔꯤꯁꯇꯥ ꯍꯜꯂꯛꯄꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯂꯥꯏꯌꯦꯛꯄ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯂꯥꯎꯊꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫

ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯏꯎꯖꯦꯟ ꯗꯦꯂꯥꯛꯔꯣꯏꯁꯀꯤ ꯃꯈꯥꯗꯥ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕ ꯑꯣꯏꯅ ꯇꯝꯈꯤ, ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯊꯨꯅꯥ ꯇꯝꯈꯤ, ꯃꯔꯝꯗꯤ ꯗꯦꯂꯥꯛꯔꯣꯏꯁꯅꯥ ꯍꯛꯁꯦꯜꯒꯤ ꯐꯤꯚꯝ ꯐꯠꯇꯕꯅꯥ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯨꯗꯤꯑꯣ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯊꯨꯅꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯁꯤꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯍꯦꯅꯔꯤ ꯁꯦꯐꯔꯒꯤ ꯃꯈꯥꯗꯥ ꯇꯝꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯗꯨꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗ ꯊꯣꯃꯥꯁ ꯀꯧꯇꯨꯔꯒꯤ ꯃꯈꯥꯗꯥ ꯇꯝꯈꯤ . ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯇ꯭ꯔꯦꯅꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯀ꯭ꯂꯥꯁꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤꯗꯦ ꯃꯔꯃꯗꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯁꯥꯅꯥ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯇꯧꯕꯥ ꯄꯥꯝꯃꯤ ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯈꯪꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯒ꯭ꯌꯥꯔꯦ ꯗꯦ ꯂꯤꯌꯅꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯥꯛꯇꯥ ꯂꯩꯕ ꯑꯆꯧꯕ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯨꯗꯤꯑꯣ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯂꯧꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯑꯦꯀꯥꯗꯦꯃꯤ ꯗꯦꯁ ꯕꯤꯎꯁ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯁꯇꯥ ꯑꯦꯅꯥꯇꯣꯃꯤꯒꯤ ꯀ꯭ꯂꯥꯁꯁꯤꯡ ꯇꯝꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯴] ꯆꯍꯤ ꯀꯌꯥꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯀꯤ ꯂꯩꯉꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯤ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯂꯧꯈꯤꯕ ꯃꯇꯝꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯄꯨ ꯄꯥꯛ ꯁꯟꯅꯥ ꯁꯛꯈꯪꯕ ꯐꯪꯈꯤ ꯫

꯱꯸꯵꯰ꯗꯥ ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯁꯦꯂꯨꯟꯒꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕ ꯊꯧꯔꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯗꯦꯗ ꯈ꯭ꯔ꯭ꯏꯁ꯭ꯠ, Jeune noir à l'épée (ꯊꯥꯡꯁꯥꯡꯒ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅ ꯕ꯭ꯂꯦꯛ ꯅꯍꯥ), [꯵] ꯗ ꯔꯤꯗꯤꯡ ꯂꯦꯁꯟ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯄꯣꯠꯔꯦꯠ ꯑꯣꯐ ꯑꯦ ꯃꯤꯟ

ꯊꯕꯛ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯗꯤ ꯋꯥꯏꯟ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯦꯁ, ꯱꯸꯶꯵, ꯗꯤ ꯐꯤꯂꯤꯞꯁ ꯀꯂꯦꯛꯁꯟ ꯫

ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁꯀꯤ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯍꯧꯁꯥꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯃꯑꯣꯡꯗ ꯁꯤꯝꯕꯣꯂꯤꯁ꯭ꯠ ꯑꯣꯏꯅ ꯎꯕꯥ ꯐꯪꯏ, ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯔꯣꯃꯥꯟꯇꯤꯛ ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯈꯔꯒꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅꯥ ꯇꯃꯈꯤꯕꯁꯨ ꯌꯥꯏ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯂꯥꯏꯌꯦꯛꯄ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁ꯭ꯀꯥꯂꯄꯆꯥꯔꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯤꯔꯣꯜ ꯄꯨꯝꯅꯃꯛꯄꯨ ꯏꯊꯤꯜ ꯄꯤꯕꯒꯤ ꯊꯥꯒꯠꯄꯥ ꯐꯣꯡꯗꯣꯛꯏ, ꯃꯔꯨ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯃꯣꯗꯔꯅꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯊꯕꯛꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ . ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯣꯇꯦꯖꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗ ꯑꯃꯗꯤ ꯖꯔꯖꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯐꯦꯎꯔꯦ ꯫

ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯔꯦꯜ ꯊꯕꯛ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯁꯃꯨꯗ꯭ꯔ ꯃꯄꯥꯟꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯅꯍꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯅꯨꯄꯤꯃꯆꯥꯁꯤꯡ (꯱꯸꯷꯹)

ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯔꯦꯜ ꯄꯦꯟꯇꯤꯡꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯈ꯭ꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯤꯡ ꯆꯠꯂꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ‘ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯀꯤ ꯄꯦꯟꯇꯤꯡ’ ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯈꯪꯅꯔꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕ ꯀꯃꯤꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯔꯨꯞꯀꯤ ꯆꯦꯠ, ꯂꯦ ꯕ꯭ꯔꯥꯎꯆꯤ, ꯁꯥꯑꯣꯟ-ꯑꯦꯠ-ꯂꯣꯌꯔꯒꯤ ꯀ꯭ꯌꯨꯏꯖꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯥꯛꯇꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯃꯦꯗꯤꯌꯝ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯥꯏꯜꯒꯤ ꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯀꯆꯔꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯤꯟꯁꯤꯄꯥꯜ ꯗꯦꯀꯣꯔꯦꯁꯅꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯔ꯭ꯏꯇꯨ ꯃꯔꯤ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯈꯣꯏꯒꯤ ꯊꯤꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯧꯏ ꯫ [꯶] ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕꯥ ꯄꯕ꯭ꯂꯤꯛ ꯀꯃꯤꯁꯟꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯱꯸꯶꯰ꯒꯤ ꯃꯌꯥꯏ ꯆꯜꯂꯛꯄꯗꯥ ꯂꯥꯛꯈꯤ, ꯃꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯑꯃꯤꯌꯟꯒꯤ ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯖꯤꯌꯝ ꯗꯦ ꯄꯤꯀꯥꯔꯗꯤꯗꯥ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕ ꯋꯥꯔꯤ ꯃꯔꯤꯗꯤ ꯀꯅꯀꯣꯔꯗꯤꯌꯥ (꯱꯸꯶꯱), ꯕꯦꯜꯂꯝ (꯱꯸꯶꯱), ꯂꯦ ꯇ꯭ꯔꯥꯚꯦꯜ (ꯋꯥꯔꯛ; ꯱꯸꯶꯳) ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯂꯦ ꯔꯦꯄꯣꯁ (ꯔꯦꯁ꯭ꯠ; ꯱꯸꯶꯳)ꯅꯤ ꯫

ꯃꯐꯝꯁꯤꯡ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯀꯦꯔꯤꯌꯔꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗ ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁꯅꯥ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁ ꯁꯤꯟꯕ ꯊꯨꯡꯅꯥ ꯂꯩꯔꯤꯕ ꯄꯕ꯭ꯂꯤꯛ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯕꯦꯠ ꯏꯟꯁꯇꯤꯠꯌꯨꯁꯟꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯄꯥꯡꯊꯣꯛꯀꯗꯕꯥ ꯊꯕꯛꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯀꯝꯃꯤꯁꯟ ꯃꯁꯤꯡ ꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯐꯪꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯖꯤꯌꯝ ꯗꯦ ꯄꯤꯀꯥꯔꯗꯤꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕ ꯊꯕꯀꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯀ꯭ꯂꯥꯁꯤꯁꯥꯏꯖꯤꯡ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯥꯏꯜ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯔꯦꯜ ꯊꯕꯛꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯗꯦꯀꯣꯔꯦꯇꯦꯗ ꯑꯦꯁ꯭ꯇꯦꯇꯤꯛ ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯄꯗꯥ ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯄꯥꯡꯈꯤ ꯫

ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯤꯌꯥꯝꯒꯤ ꯊꯕꯛꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗ ꯑꯃꯤꯌꯟꯁꯇꯥ ( Ave Picardia Nutrix, 1865), ꯃꯥꯔꯁꯦꯜꯗꯥ, ꯂꯤꯌꯟꯗꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯄꯣꯏꯇꯤꯌꯔꯗꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯁꯤꯟꯈꯤꯕ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯒꯤ ꯁꯥꯏꯀꯜꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯗꯨꯁꯨ ꯌꯥꯎꯔꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯈꯟꯅꯕ ꯃꯔꯨꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯋꯥꯐꯝꯗꯤ ꯂꯤꯌꯣꯟꯒꯤ ꯄꯦꯂꯦꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯕꯤꯎꯁ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯁꯇꯥ ꯄꯥꯡꯊꯣꯛꯄꯥ ꯁꯥꯏꯀꯜ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯤ, ꯃꯁꯤꯗꯥ ꯃꯔꯨꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯑꯍꯨꯝ ꯌꯥꯎꯔꯤ, ꯃꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯃꯔꯨꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯦꯔꯀꯦꯁꯇꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯋꯥꯜ ꯁ꯭ꯄꯦꯁ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯃꯄꯨꯡ ꯐꯥꯍꯜꯂꯤ ꯫ ꯂꯦꯝꯍꯧꯔꯤꯕ ꯋꯥꯔꯤꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯦꯟꯇꯤꯛꯀꯤ ꯚꯤꯖꯟ (꯱꯸꯸꯴), ꯗ ꯋꯨꯗ ꯗꯤꯌꯥꯔ ꯇꯨ ꯗ꯭ꯌ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯁ ꯑꯦꯟꯗ ꯗ꯭ꯌ ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯖꯁ (꯱꯸꯸꯴), ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯈ꯭ꯔ꯭ꯏꯁ꯭ꯠꯌꯥꯟ ꯏꯟꯁꯄꯤꯔꯦꯁꯟ (꯱꯸꯸꯴)ꯅꯤ ꯫

ꯄꯦꯔꯤꯁ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯐꯦꯟꯇꯦꯁꯤ (꯱꯸꯶꯶), ꯑꯣꯍꯥꯔꯥ ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯖꯤꯌꯝ ꯑꯣꯐ ꯑꯥꯔꯠ

ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯀꯦꯔꯤꯌꯔ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯇꯔꯦꯠꯁꯨꯕ ꯔꯤꯄꯕ꯭ꯂꯤꯛ (꯱꯸꯷꯰) ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯄꯗꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯅꯥ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯄꯦꯔꯤꯁ ꯀꯃꯨꯅꯤꯇꯤꯒꯤ ꯍꯤꯡꯁꯥꯒꯤ ꯑꯔꯣꯏꯕꯗꯥ ꯆꯠꯊꯔꯛꯄꯥ ꯑꯔꯨꯕ ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯃꯒꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅꯥ ꯊꯨꯒꯥꯏꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯋꯥꯍꯪ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯥꯛꯈꯤꯕ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯤ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯀꯤ ꯃꯁꯛ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ‘ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯀꯤ’ ꯋꯥꯍꯟꯊꯣꯛꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯔꯣꯌꯦꯂꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯱꯷꯸꯹ꯒꯤ ꯔꯤꯚꯣꯂꯨꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯆꯧꯕ ꯈꯨꯗꯣꯡꯊꯤꯕ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯈꯜꯂꯛꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯄꯨ ꯂꯝꯕꯤꯗꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯞꯅꯥ ꯊꯝꯈꯤ ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯧꯈꯤ, ꯑꯗꯨꯒꯥ ꯔꯤꯄꯕ꯭ꯂꯤꯛꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯔꯤꯚꯣꯂꯨꯁꯟꯅꯥ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯄꯨ ꯃꯈꯣꯏꯒꯤ ꯑꯆꯨꯝꯕ ꯂꯝꯕꯤꯗꯥ ꯍꯜꯂꯛꯄꯥ ꯌꯥꯍꯟꯈꯤ ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯈꯜꯂꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯔꯦꯂꯒꯨꯝꯕ ꯃꯤꯌꯥꯝꯒꯤ ꯃꯐꯝꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯎꯠꯀꯗꯕꯥ ꯋꯥꯔꯤꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯀꯝꯃꯤꯁꯟ ꯇꯧꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯄꯥꯔꯇꯤꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯃꯄꯨꯡ ꯐꯥꯍꯟꯕꯒꯤ ꯃꯔꯨꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯂꯩꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯂꯥꯏꯔꯤꯛꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯡꯗ ꯄꯟꯗꯤꯠ ꯀꯌꯥꯅꯥ ꯅꯣꯠ ꯇꯧꯔꯤ ꯃꯗꯨꯗꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ‘ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯀꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯄꯦꯟꯇꯔ’ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯃꯥꯏꯄꯥꯛꯄꯥ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯔꯨ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯃꯇꯝ ꯑꯁꯤꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯂꯣꯟ ꯀꯌꯥꯒꯥ ꯆꯨꯅꯕ ꯋꯥꯔꯤꯁꯤꯡ ꯁꯦꯝꯕ ꯉꯝꯕꯅꯥ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ ꯫

ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕ ꯄꯦꯔꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯀꯃꯤꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯏꯪ ꯱꯸꯷꯴ ꯗꯥ ꯍꯧꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤꯕ ꯍꯧꯖꯤꯛ ꯁꯦꯛꯌꯨꯂꯔ ꯄꯟꯊꯨꯡꯐꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯤꯕ ꯁꯦꯟꯠ ꯖꯦꯅꯦꯚꯤꯌꯔꯒꯤ ꯁꯤꯡꯂꯨꯄꯇꯥ ꯁꯥꯏꯀꯜ ꯊꯧꯕꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯍꯤꯔꯝ ꯑꯅꯤꯗꯤ ꯑꯦꯜ ꯑꯦꯖꯨꯀꯦꯁꯟ ꯗꯦ ꯁꯦꯟꯠ ꯖꯦꯅꯦꯚꯤꯌꯔ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯂꯥ ꯚꯤ ꯄꯥꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯔꯦꯜ ꯗꯦ ꯁꯦꯟꯇ ꯖꯦꯅꯦꯚꯤꯌꯔꯅꯤ . ꯀꯃꯤꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗ ꯁꯣꯔꯕꯣꯟꯗꯥ ꯋꯥꯔꯤꯁꯤꯡ ꯌꯥꯎꯈꯤ, ꯃꯗꯨꯗꯤ ꯑꯆꯧꯕ ꯍꯦꯃꯤꯁꯥꯏꯀꯜ, ꯁꯣꯔꯕꯣꯟꯒꯤ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯦꯟꯗ ꯑꯦꯝꯐꯤꯊꯤꯌꯦꯇꯔꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕ ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯖꯝꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯔꯛꯇꯥ ꯗ ꯁꯦꯛꯔꯦꯗ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯣꯚ ꯅꯠꯔꯒꯥ ꯂ’ꯑꯦꯟꯁꯤꯌꯟ ꯁꯣꯔꯕꯣꯟ ꯫

ꯔꯤꯄꯕ꯭ꯂꯤꯛ ꯀꯃꯤꯁꯟꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯅꯤꯇꯤ ꯑꯁꯤꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯔꯣꯏꯕ ꯀꯃꯤꯁꯟ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯤ ꯄꯦꯔꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯍꯣꯇꯦꯜ ꯗꯦ ꯚꯤꯂꯦꯖ (ꯁꯤꯇꯤ ꯍꯣꯜ)ꯗꯥ ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯀꯦꯔꯤꯌꯔꯒꯤ ꯃꯀꯣꯛ ꯊꯣꯡꯕ ꯃꯁꯛ ꯑꯗꯨꯅꯤ, ꯋꯥꯔꯤꯁꯤꯡ ꯁꯃꯥꯔꯠ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯋꯤꯟꯇꯔ

ꯋꯥꯔꯤ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯑꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯁꯛ ꯇꯥꯛꯄꯗꯤ ꯃꯈꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯀ꯭ꯂꯥꯁꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯑꯥꯔ꯭ꯠꯇꯥ ꯅꯣꯛꯄꯥ, ꯆꯦꯛꯁꯤꯟꯅ ꯕꯦꯂꯦꯟꯁ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯀꯝꯄꯣꯖꯤꯁꯟꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯎꯕꯥ ꯐꯪꯏ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯍꯤꯔꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯍꯦꯂꯦꯅꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯛ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯚꯤꯖꯅꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯍꯀꯊꯦꯡꯅꯕꯥ ꯔꯤꯐꯔꯦꯟꯁ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ, ꯃꯔꯨ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯑꯦꯟꯇꯤꯛꯀꯤ ꯚꯤꯖꯅꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯡꯗꯥ ꯫

ꯀꯦꯅꯚꯥꯁꯇꯥ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯇꯧꯏ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯃꯥꯔꯁꯦꯏꯜ, ꯒꯦꯇꯋꯦ ꯇꯨ ꯗ꯭ꯌ ꯑꯣꯔꯤꯑꯦꯟꯇ (ꯆꯥꯎꯔꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯱꯸꯶꯸)

ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁꯅꯥ ꯄꯦꯔꯤꯁꯇꯥ ꯂꯤꯡꯈꯠꯈꯤꯕ ꯁꯣꯁꯥꯏꯇꯤ ꯅꯦꯁꯅꯦꯜ ꯗꯦꯁ ꯕꯤꯎꯁ-ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯁ ( ꯅꯦꯁꯅꯦꯜ ꯁꯣꯁꯥꯏꯇꯤ ꯑꯣꯐ ꯐꯥꯏꯟ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯁ ) ꯒꯤ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯁꯤꯗꯦꯟꯇ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯀꯣ-ꯐꯧꯎꯟꯗꯔ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯃꯇꯝ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯑꯥꯔꯠꯀꯤ ꯃꯔꯨꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯁꯦꯂꯨꯟ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯣꯁꯥꯏꯇꯤꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯐꯤꯁꯥꯔꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯁꯦꯝꯕ ꯖꯨꯔꯤ ꯑꯃꯈꯛꯇꯅꯥ ꯈꯅꯒꯠꯂꯕ ꯀꯟꯇꯦꯝꯄꯣꯔꯦꯔꯤ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯀꯤ ꯑꯦꯀꯖꯤꯕꯤꯁꯟꯁꯤꯡ ꯄꯥꯡꯊꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫

ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁꯀꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯤꯃꯆꯥꯒꯤ ꯁ꯭ꯄꯤꯔꯤꯠ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯃꯈꯣꯏ ꯃꯁꯥꯒꯤ ꯁꯦꯝꯈꯤꯕ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯈ꯭ꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯐꯕꯥ ꯃꯑꯣꯡꯗ ꯍꯟꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤꯕꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯤ, ꯖꯔꯃꯅꯤꯗꯥ, ꯂꯥꯏꯌꯦꯛꯄ ꯂꯨꯗꯕꯤꯒ ꯚꯣꯟ ꯍꯣꯐꯝꯌꯥꯟ [꯷] ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯇꯥ ꯑꯒꯁ꯭ꯠ ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯟ ꯫ [꯸] 

ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯏꯖꯜꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯏꯌꯦꯛꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯃꯦꯔꯤꯀꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯌꯨꯔꯣꯄꯤꯌꯟ ꯒꯦꯜꯂꯔꯤ ꯀꯌꯥꯗꯁꯨ ꯐꯪꯂꯕ ꯌꯥꯏ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯏꯌꯦꯛ ꯈꯔꯗꯤ ꯃꯈꯥꯗꯥ ꯄꯤꯔꯤꯕꯁꯤꯡꯁꯤꯅꯤ:

  • ꯁꯤꯕꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯅꯨꯄꯤꯃꯆꯥ
  • ꯗ ꯗ꯭ꯔꯤꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ
  • ꯗ ꯄꯣꯔ ꯐꯤꯁꯥꯔꯃꯦꯟ, ꯱꯸꯸꯱, ꯀꯦꯅꯚꯥꯁꯇꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯜ
  • ꯆꯦꯀꯁꯤꯟꯅꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ
  • ꯃꯦꯗꯤꯇꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤ
  • ꯁꯦꯟꯇ ꯕꯥꯎꯃꯦꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯃꯦꯔꯤ ꯃꯒꯗꯦꯂꯤꯟ꯫
  • ꯁꯦꯟꯇ ꯖꯦꯅꯣꯚꯦꯚꯥꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ
  • ꯁꯃꯨꯗ꯭ꯔ ꯃꯄꯥꯟꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯅꯍꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯅꯨꯄꯤꯃꯆꯥꯁꯤꯡ, ꯱꯸꯷꯹, ꯀꯦꯅꯚꯥꯁꯇꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯜ
  • ꯁꯃꯨꯗ꯭ꯔꯒꯤ ꯃꯄꯥꯟꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯃꯦꯗ ꯋꯨꯃꯦꯟ
  • ꯑꯣꯏꯒꯅꯤ ꯈꯟꯕ
  • ꯑꯥꯁꯥ (ꯅꯒ꯭ꯟ) ꯴.
  • ꯀꯨꯄꯁꯤꯜꯂꯕꯥ ꯅ꯭ꯌꯨꯠꯔꯤꯁꯟ ꯅꯨꯄꯤ, ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯒꯤ ꯌꯦꯡꯕꯥ
  • ꯁꯦꯛꯔꯦꯇꯔꯤ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯣꯚ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯤ

ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯊꯕꯛꯁꯤꯡꯕꯨ ꯊꯥꯒꯠꯄꯥ ꯐꯣꯡꯗꯣꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯡꯗꯥ ꯍꯥꯌꯔꯕꯗꯥ, ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯇꯝꯒꯤ ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯀꯩꯗꯧꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯇꯤꯛ ꯆꯥꯅꯥ ꯂꯧꯁꯤꯅꯈꯤꯗꯦ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯀꯦꯔꯤꯌꯔ ꯍꯧꯔꯀꯄꯗꯥ ꯑꯥꯔꯠ ꯀ꯭ꯔꯤꯇꯤꯁꯤꯖꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯀꯦꯝꯄ ꯑꯅꯤꯗꯥ ꯈꯥꯏꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯥꯏꯗꯤꯌꯥꯂꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯅꯨꯡꯁꯤꯖꯔꯕ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯄꯨ ꯔꯤꯑꯦꯂꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯄꯥꯔꯇꯤꯁꯤꯄꯦꯟꯇꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯂꯥꯟꯅꯥ ꯂꯝꯖꯤꯡꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯁꯤꯝꯕꯣꯂꯤꯖꯝ ꯂꯥꯆꯄꯒꯥ ꯈꯛꯇꯗꯥ ꯀꯦꯝꯄ ꯑꯅꯤ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯃꯠꯇꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤꯟꯈꯤ, ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯄꯦꯟꯠꯔꯤ ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯊꯥꯖꯕ ꯌꯥꯕ ꯊꯥꯒꯠꯄꯥ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯐꯪꯈꯤꯗꯦ꯫ ꯉꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯔꯤꯁꯔꯆ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯑꯥꯔꯠ ꯀ꯭ꯔꯤꯇꯤꯁꯤꯖꯝꯒꯤ ꯀꯟꯠꯔꯗꯤꯛꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯏꯟꯍꯦꯔꯤ ꯇꯧꯔꯦ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯍꯧꯖꯤꯛ ꯐꯥꯎꯕ ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯟꯒꯤ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯀꯤ ꯊꯥꯖꯕꯥ ꯌꯥꯕ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯖꯦꯟꯇꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯄꯤꯗ꯭ꯔꯤ ꯫ [꯹]

ꯃꯁꯥꯒꯤ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯃꯣꯟꯠꯃꯥꯔꯇꯇꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯣꯗꯦꯜ ꯑꯃꯒꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅꯥ ꯑꯦꯐꯦꯌꯥꯔꯁ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯂꯩꯈꯤ, ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ ꯑꯗꯨꯒꯤ ꯃꯀꯣꯛ ꯊꯣꯡꯕ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯒꯅꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯣꯔꯤꯁꯁ ꯎꯠꯔꯤꯂꯣꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯥ, ꯑꯣꯖꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯦꯟꯇꯔ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯒꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯱꯸꯵꯶ ꯗꯒꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯔꯣꯃꯥꯅꯤꯌꯥꯒꯤ ꯔꯥꯖꯀꯨꯃꯥꯔ ꯃꯥꯔꯤ ꯀꯥꯟꯇꯥꯀꯨꯖꯦꯅꯒꯥ ꯃꯔꯤ ꯂꯩꯅꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯈꯣꯏ ꯑꯅꯤ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯴꯰ ꯔꯣꯝ ꯄꯨꯟꯅꯥ ꯂꯩꯃꯤꯟꯅꯈꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯈꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯏꯪ ꯱꯸꯹꯸ ꯗꯥ ꯁꯤꯗ꯭ꯔꯤꯉꯩ ꯃꯃꯥꯡꯗ ꯂꯨꯍꯣꯡꯈꯤ ꯫

ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ ꯃꯅꯥ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

꯱꯹꯲꯶ꯗꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯒꯥ, ꯗꯤ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯤꯛꯁ ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ (ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ ꯃꯅꯥ) ꯑꯁꯤ ꯅꯦꯁꯅꯦꯜ ꯁꯣꯁꯥꯏꯇꯤ ꯑꯣꯐ ꯐꯥꯏꯟ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯁ ( ꯁꯣꯁꯥꯏꯇꯤ ꯅꯦꯁꯅꯦꯜ ꯗꯦꯁ ꯕꯤꯎꯁ-ꯑꯥꯔꯠꯁ ) ꯅꯥ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯤꯛꯁ ꯄꯨꯚꯤꯁ ꯗꯦ ꯆꯥꯚꯥꯅꯦꯁ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯃꯅꯥ ꯐꯪꯈꯤꯕ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯤꯁ꯭ꯠ ꯑꯗꯨꯒꯤ ꯃꯔꯨꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯋꯥꯔꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯄꯦꯔꯤꯁꯇꯥ ꯄꯥꯡꯊꯣꯛꯈꯤꯕ ꯔꯦꯠꯔꯣꯁ꯭ꯄꯦꯛꯇꯤꯕ ꯑꯦꯀꯖꯤꯕꯤꯁꯟꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯀꯨꯟꯊ꯭ꯔꯥꯔꯣꯝꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗ ꯑꯦꯀꯖꯤꯕꯤꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯦꯟꯗ ꯄꯦꯂꯦꯁ ꯅꯠꯔꯒꯥ ꯃ꯭ꯌꯨꯖꯤꯌꯝ ꯗꯤ ꯑꯥꯔꯠ ꯃꯣꯗꯔꯅꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯅꯥ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯐꯪꯂꯕꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯈꯥꯒꯤꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯌꯥꯑꯣꯔꯤ:

  • ꯱꯹꯴꯱: ꯋꯤꯂꯍꯦꯝ ꯚꯦꯟ ꯍꯥꯁꯦꯜ
  • ꯱꯹꯴꯴: ꯖꯤꯟ ꯒꯦꯕ꯭ꯔꯤꯌꯦꯜ ꯗꯣꯃꯦꯔꯒ
  • ꯱꯹꯴꯸: ꯖꯣꯁꯦꯐ ꯄꯤꯅꯆꯣꯟ
  • ꯱꯹꯵꯲: ꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯥꯟ ꯀ꯭ꯂꯤꯡꯁꯣꯔ
  • ꯱꯹꯵꯵: ꯖꯔꯖꯁ ꯗꯦꯂꯞꯂꯥꯡꯛ
  • ꯱꯹꯵꯷: ꯑꯦꯂꯕꯥꯔꯠ ꯗꯦꯀꯥꯔꯤꯁ
  • ꯱꯹꯵꯸: ꯖꯤꯟ ꯄꯤꯀꯥꯔꯗ ꯂꯦ ꯗꯧꯛꯁ
  • ꯱꯹꯶꯳: ꯃꯣꯔꯤꯁ ꯕꯣꯏꯇꯦꯜ,
  • ꯱꯹꯶꯶: ꯄꯤꯌꯔ ꯒꯥꯏꯂꯥꯔꯗꯣꯠ
  • ꯱꯹꯶꯸: ꯄꯤꯌꯔ-ꯍꯦꯅꯔꯤ
  • ꯱꯹꯶꯹: ꯂꯨꯏꯁ ꯋꯤꯂꯔꯃꯣꯖ
  • ꯱꯹꯷꯰: ꯗꯥꯅꯤꯌꯦꯜ ꯗꯨ ꯖꯦꯅꯦꯔꯥꯟꯗ
  • ꯱꯹꯷꯱: ꯖꯤꯟ-ꯄꯤꯌꯔ ꯑꯂꯥꯛꯁ
  • ꯱꯹꯷꯵: ꯖꯤꯟ ꯃꯣꯅꯦꯔꯦꯠ
  • ꯱꯹꯸꯷: ꯑꯥꯟꯗ꯭ꯔꯦ ꯍꯃꯕꯨꯔꯒ
  • ꯱꯹꯹꯱: ꯒ꯭ꯌꯥꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯟ ꯁꯦꯕꯤꯔꯦ
  • ꯱꯹꯹꯳: ꯖꯤꯟ ꯀ꯭ꯂꯨꯁꯣ-ꯂꯥꯅꯥꯎ
  • ꯲꯰꯰꯶: ꯄꯣꯜ ꯀꯣꯂꯝꯕ [꯱꯰]

ꯒꯦꯜꯂꯔꯤ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

  1. Brown Price, A., 2010, V1
  2. Shaw, J. L., 'Frenchness, Memory and Abstraction: The Case of Pierre Puvis de Chavannes' in Hargrove, J., & McWilliam, N., eds., 2005, Nationalism and French Visual Culture, National Gallery of Art, Washington, Distributed by Yale University Press, New Haven and London, p. 153
  3. Brown Price, A., 2010, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Vol. 1, The Artist and his Art, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 7
  4. Brown Price 2010
  5. Musée d'Orsay: non_traduit.
  6. Brown Price, A., 2010, V1, p. 26
  7. lvh.ch - und andere Domains günstig und einfach online kaufen auf top-domains.ch (4 October 2016).
  8. The study Poemas e pedras, by Rita Rios, São Paulo, (2011).
  9. Manuel Mayer: Die erträumte Kunst Pierre Puvis de Chavannes’. Eine Studie zum Verhältnis von Forschung und Kunstkritik im Angesicht einer Malerei zwischen Staffelei- und Wandbild, ART Dok, Publikationsplattform Kunst- und Bildwissenschaften Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg 2020. http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/artdok/7008/7/Mayer_Die_ertraeumte_Kunst_Pierre_Puvis_de_Chavannes_2020.pdf
  10. Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Biennale 1991, Grand Palais, année du centenaire, catalogue pages 8 and 9