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ꯃꯦꯔꯤꯟ ꯄꯣꯂꯨꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏꯕꯅꯥ ꯁꯤꯖꯤꯟꯅꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯅꯠꯠꯔꯒꯥ ꯁꯟꯗꯣꯀꯄꯥ ꯄꯣꯠꯁꯀꯁꯤꯡ, ꯍꯥꯌꯕꯗꯤ ꯏꯟꯗꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯤꯑꯦꯜ, ꯑꯦꯒ꯭ꯔꯤꯀꯂꯆꯔꯦꯜ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯔꯦꯁꯤꯗꯦꯟꯁꯤꯑꯦꯜ ꯋꯦꯁ꯭ꯠ, ꯄꯥꯔꯇꯤꯀꯂꯁꯤꯡ, ꯅꯣꯡꯂꯩ-ꯅꯨꯡꯁꯤꯠ, ꯑꯍꯦꯅꯕꯥ ꯀꯥꯔꯕꯣꯟ ꯗꯥꯏꯑꯣꯛꯁꯥꯏꯗ ꯅꯠꯠꯔꯒꯥ ꯏꯅꯚꯦꯁꯤꯚ ꯑꯣꯔꯒꯥꯅꯤꯖꯃꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯁꯃꯨꯗ꯭ꯔꯗꯥ ꯆꯪꯁꯤꯜꯂꯀꯄꯥ ꯃꯇꯃꯗꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯐꯃꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯃꯥꯡ-ꯇꯥꯛꯅꯤꯡꯉꯥꯏ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯏꯐꯦꯛꯇꯁꯤꯡ ꯊꯣꯀꯍꯅꯕꯥ ꯃꯇꯃꯗꯥ ꯊꯣꯀꯏ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯑꯃꯣꯠꯄꯥ ꯑꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯑꯌꯥꯝꯕꯥ ꯁꯔꯨꯛ (80%) ꯑꯁꯤ ꯂꯃꯗꯝ ꯑꯁꯤꯗꯥ ꯌꯨꯝꯐꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯊꯧꯔꯃꯁꯤꯡꯗꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯀꯏ, ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯁꯃꯨꯗ꯭ꯔꯒꯤ ꯇ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯄꯣꯔꯇꯦꯁꯅꯁꯨ ꯃꯁꯛ ꯊꯣꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯄꯥꯡꯏ꯫ ꯑꯌꯥꯝꯕꯥ ꯏꯅꯄꯨꯠꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯂꯃꯗꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯀꯄꯅꯥ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯗꯨꯅꯥ, ꯇꯨꯔꯦꯂꯁꯤꯡ, ꯁꯤꯋꯦꯖ ꯅꯠꯠꯔꯒꯥ ꯑꯦꯇꯃꯣꯁ꯭ꯐꯤꯌꯔꯒꯤ ꯈꯨꯠꯊꯥꯡꯗꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯕꯁꯨ, ꯃꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯇꯥꯛꯂꯤꯕꯗꯤ ꯀꯟꯇꯤꯅꯦꯟꯇꯜ ꯁꯦꯂꯐꯃꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯄꯣꯂꯨꯁꯅꯒꯤ ꯍꯦꯟꯅꯥ ꯈꯨꯗꯣꯡꯊꯤꯅꯤꯡꯉꯥꯏ ꯑꯣꯏ꯫ ꯑꯦꯌꯔ ꯄꯣꯂꯨꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤꯁꯨ ꯑꯥꯏꯔꯟ, ꯀꯥꯔꯕꯣꯟ ꯑꯦꯁꯤꯗ, ꯅꯥꯏꯠꯔꯣꯖꯦꯟ, ꯁꯤꯂꯤꯀꯣꯟ, ꯁꯂꯐꯔ, ꯄꯦꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯁꯥꯏꯗ ꯅꯠꯠꯔꯒꯥ ꯃꯩꯁꯥꯒꯤ ꯄꯥꯔꯇꯤꯀꯂꯁꯤꯡ ꯁꯃꯨꯗ꯭ꯔꯗꯥ ꯄꯨꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯆꯠꯄꯅꯥ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯀꯟꯠꯔꯤꯕ꯭ꯌꯨꯠ ꯇꯧꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯐꯦꯛꯇꯔ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ꯫ ꯄꯣꯂꯨꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯌꯥꯝꯕꯅꯥ ꯂꯧꯎ-ꯁꯤꯡꯎꯒꯤ ꯏꯁꯤꯡ ꯇꯨꯡꯁꯤꯅꯕꯥ, ꯅꯨꯡꯁꯤꯠꯅꯥ ꯊꯣꯀꯍꯅꯕꯥ ꯑꯀꯥꯌ-ꯑꯇꯣꯌꯁꯤꯡ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯩꯁꯥꯒꯨꯝꯕꯥ ꯅꯟ-ꯄꯣꯏꯟꯇ ꯁꯣꯔꯁꯁꯤꯡꯗꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯀꯏ꯫ ꯍꯥꯌꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯅꯟ-ꯄꯣꯏꯟꯇ ꯁꯣꯔꯁꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯔꯨꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯇꯨꯔꯦꯂꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯈꯨꯠꯊꯥꯡꯗꯥ ꯁꯃꯨꯗ꯭ꯔꯗꯥ ꯆꯪꯂꯀꯄꯥ ꯏꯁꯤꯡ ꯇꯨꯡꯁꯤꯅꯕꯥ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯤ, ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯅꯨꯡꯁꯤꯠꯅꯥ ꯊꯣꯀꯍꯅꯕꯥ ꯑꯀꯥꯌ-ꯑꯇꯣꯌꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯩꯁꯥꯅꯥ ꯊꯧꯗꯥꯡ ꯂꯧꯕꯥ ꯌꯥꯏ, ꯃꯔꯃꯗꯤ ꯄꯣꯂꯨꯁꯅꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯏꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯝꯕꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯃꯨꯗ꯭ꯔꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯂꯦꯡꯗꯅꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯌꯥꯏ꯫ ꯄꯣꯂꯨꯁꯅꯒꯤ ꯂꯝꯕꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯗꯥꯏꯔꯦꯛꯇ ꯗꯤꯁꯆꯥꯔꯖ, ꯂꯝ ꯏꯁꯤꯡ ꯇꯨꯡꯁꯤꯅꯕꯥ, ꯖꯍꯥꯖ ꯄꯣꯂꯨꯁꯟ, ꯑꯦꯇꯃꯣꯁ꯭ꯐꯤꯌꯔ ꯄꯣꯂꯨꯁꯟ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ, ꯄꯣꯇꯦꯟꯁꯤꯑꯦꯜ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ, ꯗꯤꯞ ꯁꯤ ꯃꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯌꯥꯎꯏ꯫[꯱][꯲][꯳][꯴]

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  1. Charles Sheppard, ed. (2019). World seas : an Environmental Evaluation. Vol. III, Ecological Issues and Environmental Impacts (Second ed.). London, United Kingdom. ISBN 978-0-12-805204-4. OCLC 1052566532.
  2. Archive copy. Archived from the original on 2022-12-07 ꯫ Retrieved on 2022-05-15
  3. http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/pollution.html
  4. https://doi.org/10.1126%2Fscience.aam7240