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ꯑꯀꯣꯢꯕꯒꯤ ꯐꯤꯚꯝꯒꯤ ꯑꯆꯨꯝ ꯑꯔꯥꯜ ꯌꯥꯠꯄ

ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
"ꯘꯥꯅꯥ"ꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯁꯦꯟꯊꯣꯛ ꯅꯦꯝꯕꯥ ꯁꯤꯟꯃꯤꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯁꯦꯟꯊꯣꯛ ꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥꯀꯁꯤꯡꯗꯒꯤ ꯑꯃꯣꯠꯄꯥ ꯔꯤꯁꯥꯏꯀꯜ ꯇꯧꯔꯤ, ꯔꯤꯁꯥꯏꯀꯜ ꯇꯧꯕꯒꯤ ꯐꯤꯚꯃꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ "ꯑꯒꯕꯣꯒꯕ꯭ꯂꯣꯁꯤ" ꯃꯐꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯁꯣꯀꯍꯜꯂꯤ ꯫

ꯑꯀꯣꯢꯕꯒꯤ ꯐꯤꯚꯝꯒꯤ ꯑꯆꯨꯝ ꯑꯔꯥꯜ ꯌꯥꯠꯄ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯔꯤꯁꯣꯔꯁꯁꯤꯡ ꯂꯧꯊꯣꯀꯄꯥ, ꯈꯨꯗꯣꯡꯊꯤꯅꯤꯉꯥꯏ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯑꯃꯣꯠꯄꯥ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯑꯇꯩ ꯂꯝ ꯁꯤꯖꯤꯟꯅꯕꯒꯥ ꯃꯔꯤ ꯂꯩꯅꯕꯥ ꯑꯁꯣꯛ-ꯑꯄꯅꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯂꯥꯌꯔꯕꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯣꯠꯊꯔꯕꯥ ꯀꯝꯌꯨꯅꯤꯇꯤꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯑꯔꯥꯅꯕꯥ ꯃꯑꯣꯡꯗꯥ ꯁꯣꯀꯍꯅꯕꯥ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯀꯣꯀꯍꯟꯅꯕꯥ ꯈꯨꯟꯅꯥꯏꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯈꯣꯡꯖꯪ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ꯫ ꯈꯣꯡꯖꯪ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯑꯀꯣꯌꯔꯣꯅꯒꯤ ꯑꯃꯥꯡ-ꯑꯇꯥꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯥꯟꯅꯕꯥ ꯂꯩꯇꯕꯥ ꯑꯦꯛꯁꯄꯣꯖꯔꯒꯤ ꯃꯑꯣꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯂꯤꯡꯈꯠꯄꯥ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯗꯤ ꯂꯤꯁꯤꯡ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯄꯨꯊꯣꯀꯈ꯭ꯔꯦ, ꯃꯁꯤꯒꯥ ꯂꯣꯌꯅꯅꯥ ꯑꯀꯣꯌꯕꯒꯤ ꯐꯤꯕꯝ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯖꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤꯁꯤꯡ, ꯑꯀꯣꯌꯕꯒꯤ ꯐꯤꯕꯃꯒꯤ ꯑꯥꯏꯅꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯄꯣꯂꯤꯁꯤ, ꯁꯁ꯭ꯇꯦꯅꯦꯕꯤꯂꯤꯇꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯄꯣꯂꯤꯇꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯏꯀꯣꯂꯣꯖꯤꯒꯤ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤꯁꯤꯡ ꯌꯥꯑꯣꯕꯥ ꯁꯣꯁꯤꯑꯦꯜ ꯁꯥꯏꯟꯁ ꯂꯤꯇꯔꯦꯆꯔꯒꯤ ꯑꯆꯧꯕꯥ ꯏꯟꯇꯔꯗꯤꯁꯤꯞꯂꯤꯅꯔꯤ ꯕꯣꯗꯤ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯁꯦꯃꯒꯠꯂꯦ꯫ ꯑꯦꯅꯚꯥꯏꯔꯅꯃꯦꯟꯇ ꯖꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯈꯣꯡꯖꯪ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯱꯹꯸꯰ꯒꯤ ꯃꯌꯥꯏ ꯆꯜꯂꯀꯄꯗꯥ ꯑꯃꯦꯔꯤꯀꯥꯗꯥ ꯍꯧꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯑꯃꯦꯔꯤꯀꯥꯒꯤ ꯁꯤꯚꯤꯜ ꯔꯥꯏꯠꯁꯀꯤ ꯈꯣꯡꯖꯪꯅꯥ ꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯁꯥꯊꯤꯅꯥ ꯏꯊꯤꯜ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ ꯫[꯱][꯲][꯳]

ꯅꯣꯔꯊꯋꯦꯁ꯭ꯇꯔꯟ ꯍꯥꯏ ꯁ꯭ꯀꯨꯂꯗꯥ "ꯐ꯭ꯂꯤꯟꯇ" ꯏꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯀ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯁꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯡꯗꯥ ꯒꯣꯜ ꯇꯦꯕꯜ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯄꯤꯔꯕꯥ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯔꯥꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯄꯇꯤ ꯕꯔꯥꯛ ꯑꯣꯕꯥꯃꯥꯅꯥ "ꯐ꯭ꯂꯤꯟꯇ"ꯗꯒꯤ ꯐꯤꯜꯇꯔ ꯇꯧꯔꯕꯥ ꯏꯁꯤꯡ ꯊꯀꯏ꯫

꯱꯹꯸꯰ꯒꯤ ꯃꯌꯥꯏ ꯆꯜꯂꯀꯄꯗꯥ ꯑꯦꯅꯚꯥꯏꯔꯅꯃꯦꯟꯇ ꯖꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯑꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯑꯃꯦꯔꯤꯀꯥꯒꯨꯝꯕꯥ ꯁꯦꯜ ꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯇꯥꯕꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥꯀꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯑꯀꯛꯅꯕꯥ ꯁꯣꯠꯊꯔꯕꯥ ꯖꯥꯇꯤꯒꯤ ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯨꯄꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯑꯀꯥꯌꯕꯥ ꯄꯤꯕꯗꯥ ꯃꯤꯠꯌꯦꯡ ꯊꯃꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯁꯤ ꯑꯦꯅꯚꯥꯏꯔꯅꯃꯦꯟꯇꯀꯤ ꯔꯦꯁꯤꯖꯝ ꯍꯥꯌꯅꯥ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯦꯝ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ꯫ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯖꯦꯟꯗꯔ, ꯏꯟꯇꯔꯅꯦꯁ꯭ꯅꯦꯜ ꯑꯦꯅꯚꯥꯏꯔꯅꯃꯦꯟꯇ ꯗꯤꯁꯛꯔꯤꯃꯤꯅꯦꯁꯟ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯈꯨꯗꯣꯡꯆꯥꯗꯕꯥ ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯨꯄꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯃꯥꯟꯅꯕꯥ ꯂꯩꯇꯕꯥ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯍꯦꯟꯅꯥ ꯃꯄꯨꯡ ꯐꯥꯅꯥ ꯈꯟꯅꯅꯕꯥ ꯈꯣꯡꯖꯪ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯄꯥꯀꯊꯣꯛ ꯆꯥꯎꯊꯣꯀꯍꯅꯈꯤ꯫ ꯆꯥꯎꯈꯠꯂꯕꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯦꯜ ꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯇꯥꯅꯕꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥꯀꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯈꯣꯡꯖꯪ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯃꯥꯌ ꯄꯥꯀꯄꯥ ꯈꯔꯥ ꯐꯪꯕꯅꯥ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯑꯀꯣꯌꯕꯒꯤ ꯐꯤꯕꯃꯒꯤ ꯄꯣꯠꯂꯨꯃꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯒ꯭ꯂꯣꯕꯦꯜ ꯁꯥꯎꯊꯇꯥ ꯁꯤꯟꯅꯈ꯭ꯔꯦ꯫ ꯑꯁꯨꯝꯅꯥ ꯑꯦꯅꯚꯥꯏꯔꯅꯃꯦꯟꯇ ꯖꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯈꯣꯡꯖꯪ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯁꯨꯝꯅꯥ ꯍꯦꯟꯅꯥ ꯃꯥꯂꯦꯃꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯦ, ꯃꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯄꯥꯟꯗꯝ ꯈꯔꯗꯤ ꯍꯧꯖꯤꯛ ꯌꯨꯅꯥꯏꯇꯦꯗ ꯅꯦꯁꯟꯁꯅꯥ ꯑꯥꯔꯇꯤꯀꯨꯂꯦꯁꯟ ꯇꯧꯔꯦ꯫[꯴][꯵]

꯲꯰꯲꯱ꯒꯤ ꯁꯦꯞꯇꯦꯝꯕꯔꯗꯥ ꯕꯔꯂꯤꯟꯗꯥ "ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯗꯦꯁ ꯐꯣꯔ ꯐ꯭ꯌꯨꯆꯔ" ꯗꯦꯃꯣꯟꯁꯠꯔꯦꯁꯟ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ꯫
ꯀ꯭ꯂꯥꯏꯃꯦꯠ ꯖꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯗꯤꯃꯥꯟꯗ ꯇꯧꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯥꯁꯔꯨꯠ ꯃꯨꯕꯃꯦꯟꯇꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯁꯔꯨꯛ ꯌꯥꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨ ꯁꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯦꯝ ꯍꯣꯡꯗꯣꯛꯅꯕꯥ ꯍꯥꯌꯔꯤ꯫

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

  1. Schlosberg, David. (2007) Defining Environmental Justice: Theories, Movements, and Nature. Oxford University Press.
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23251042.2019.1608420
  3. Miller, G. Tyler, Jr. (2003). Environmental Science: Working With the Earth (9th ed.). Pacific Grove, California: Brooks/Cole. p. G5. ISBN 0-534-42039-7.
  4. http://www.iep.utm.edu/enviro-j
  5. http://www.ejnet.org/ej/