ꯄꯟꯖꯥꯕꯤ ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯨꯞ

ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
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ꯄꯨꯟꯖꯥꯕꯤꯁꯤꯡ
ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ ꯃꯤꯁꯤꯡ
c.120 million[꯱][꯲]
ꯃꯤꯁꯤꯡ ꯁꯤꯡꯊꯥꯕ ꯌꯥꯅ ꯂꯩꯕ ꯃꯐꯝ
ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Flag data Pakistan       91,454,609[꯳][꯴]
 India        33,124,726[꯵]
ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Flag data United Kingdom700,000[꯶]
ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Flag data Canada668,240[꯷]
 United States253,740[꯸]
ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Flag data Australia132,496[꯹]
ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Flag data Malaysia56,400[꯱꯰]
ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Flag data Libya54,000[꯱꯱]
ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Flag data New Zealand34,227[꯱꯲]
ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Flag data Norway24,000[꯱꯳]
 Bangladesh23,700[꯱꯴]
ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Flag data Nepal10,000[꯱꯵]
OthersSee Punjabi diaspora
ꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤꯡ
Punjabi
ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡ
Pakistan: West PunjabStar and Crescent.svg Islam (97%), Christian cross.svg Christianity (2.31), with less Sikh and Hindu populations
India: East PunjabKhanda.svg Sikhism (57.7%), Om.svg Hinduism (38.5%), Star and Crescent.svg Islam (1.9%), Christian cross.svg Christianity (1.26)[꯱꯶][꯱꯷]
ꯃꯔꯤ ꯂꯩꯅꯕ ꯐꯨꯔꯨꯞꯁꯤꯡ
Indo-Aryan peoples

ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Punjabis

ꯄꯨꯟꯖꯥꯕꯤ (Punjabi: ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Nastaliq, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) or ꯄꯟꯖꯥꯕꯤ ꯐꯨꯔꯨꯞ ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯁꯤ ꯏꯟꯗꯤꯌꯥꯒꯤ ꯄꯟꯖꯥꯕ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯦꯠ ꯑꯁꯤꯗ ꯂꯩꯕ ꯌꯦꯜꯍꯧꯃꯤꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤꯕꯨꯅꯤ ꯫[꯱꯸] ꯄꯟꯖꯥꯕ ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯍꯟꯊꯣꯛꯇꯤ ꯇꯨꯔꯦꯜ ꯵ꯒꯤ ꯂꯝ ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯅꯤ ꯄꯥꯔꯁꯤꯌꯥꯟ ꯂꯣꯟꯗ ꯫[꯱꯹] ꯃꯐꯝꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯇꯔꯀꯣ-ꯄꯥꯔꯁꯤꯌꯥꯟꯅ ꯊꯣꯟꯂꯝꯕꯅꯤ ꯫[꯲꯰][꯲꯱][꯲꯲]

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

  1. ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:E21
  2. 2011 Indian census (PDF). Retrieved on 29 July 2019
  3. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html.
  4. Pakistan Population (2019). Retrieved on 29 July 2019
  5. Scheduled Languages in descending order of speaker's strength - 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India (29 June 2018).
  6. McDonnell, John (5 December 2006). Punjabi Community. House of Commons. Retrieved on 3 August 2016 ꯫ “We now estimate the Punjabi community at about 700,000, with Punjabi established as the second language certainly in London and possibly within the United Kingdom.”
  7. Census Profile, 2016 Census, Canada (8 February 2017). Retrieved on 4 March 2019
  8. US Census Bureau American Community Survey (2009-2013) See Row #62.
  9. Top ten languages spoken at home in Australia. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017
  10. Malaysia. Retrieved on 28 July 2019
  11. Libya. Retrieved on 28 July 2019
  12. New Zealand. Retrieved on 24 September 2019
  13. Strazny, Philipp (1 February 2013). Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Routledge. ISBN 9781135455224. 
  14. Bangladesh. Retrieved on 28 July 2019
  15. National Population and Housing Census 2011 (PDF). Retrieved on 29 July 2019
  16. C -1 POPULATION BY RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY - 2011 (XLS). Retrieved on 29 July 2019
  17. (2007) Book of Peoples of the World: A Guide to Cultures. National Geographic, 132–133. ISBN 978-1-4262-0238-4. 
  18. (2010) Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. Elsevier, 522–523. ISBN 978-0-08-087775-4. 
  19. Gandhi, Rajmohan (2013). Punjab: A History from Aurangzeb to Mountbatten. New Delhi, India, Urbana, Illinois: Aleph Book Company. ISBN 978-93-83064-41-0. 
  20. Canfield, Robert L. (1991). Persia in Historical Perspective. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1 ("Origins"). ISBN 978-0-521-52291-5. 
  21. "Punjab, bread basket of India, hungers for change"꯫ Reuters꯫ 30 January 2012 ꯫ 
  22. Columbia Water Center Released New Whitepaper: "Restoring Groundwater in Punjab, India's Breadbasket" – Columbia Water Center (7 March 2012). Retrieved on 12 July 2013