ꯏꯔꯋꯤꯟ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯟꯒꯔ

ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
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ꯏꯔꯋꯤꯟ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔ
Erwin Schrödinger (1933).jpg
ꯏꯪ ꯀꯨꯝꯖꯥ ꯱꯹꯳꯳ ꯗ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔ
ꯄꯣꯛꯄ
ꯏꯔꯋꯤꯟ ꯔꯨꯗꯣꯜꯐ ꯖꯣꯁꯦꯐ ꯑꯂꯦꯛꯖꯦꯟꯗꯔ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔ

(1887-08-12)꯱꯲ ꯑꯒꯁ,꯱꯹꯰꯰
ꯂꯩꯈꯤꯗꯕ꯴ ꯖꯥꯅꯨꯋꯥꯔꯤ, ꯱꯹꯰꯰(1961-01-04) (ꯊꯥ ꯃꯁꯤꯡ ꯷꯳)
ꯚꯤꯌꯦꯟꯅꯥ, ꯑꯁꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯌꯥ
ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛ ꯃꯆꯥꯑꯁꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯌꯥ ꯃꯆꯥ
ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛꯆꯥ
ꯑꯔꯣꯢꯕꯒꯤ ꯃꯍꯩꯇꯝꯐꯝꯁꯪUniversity of Vienna
ꯁꯛꯈꯪꯅꯈꯤꯕ
ꯃꯇꯩ ꯃꯅꯥꯎ
Annemarie Bertel (m. ꯱꯹꯲꯰)
[꯱]
ꯃꯅꯥ-ꯃꯊꯨꯝMatteucci Medal (1927)
Nobel Prize in Physics (1933)
Max Planck Medal (1937)
Scientific career
ꯍꯤꯔꯝꯐꯤꯖꯤꯛꯁ
ꯃꯍꯩꯁꯡ
ThesisÜber die Leitung der Elektrizität auf der Oberfläche von Isolatoren an feuchter Luft (On the conduction of electricity on the surface of insulators in humid air) (꯱꯹꯱꯰)
Doctoral advisorFriedrich Hasenöhrl[꯲]
Other academic advisorsFranz S. Exner
Erwin Schrödinger signature.svg

ꯑꯦꯔꯋꯤꯟ ꯔꯨꯗꯣꯂꯐ ꯖꯣꯁꯦꯐ ꯑꯂꯦꯀꯖꯦꯟꯗꯔ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔ (ꯌꯨ.ꯀꯦ.: /ˈʃrɜːdɪŋər/, ꯌꯨ.ꯑꯦꯁ.: /ˈʃroʊ-/;[3] ꯖꯔꯃꯅꯤꯒꯤ: [ˈɛɐ̯viːn ˈʃʁøːdɪŋɐ]; ꯑꯣꯒꯁ꯭ꯠ ꯱꯲, ꯱꯸꯸꯷ – ꯴ ꯖꯅꯨꯋꯥꯔꯤ ꯱꯹꯶꯱), ꯀꯔꯤꯒꯨꯝꯕꯥ ꯃꯇꯃꯗꯥ ꯏꯔꯋꯤꯟ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔ ꯅꯠꯔꯒꯥ ꯑꯦꯔꯋꯤꯟ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯟꯖꯔ ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯏꯕꯥ, ꯅꯣꯜꯂꯨꯀꯄꯥ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯝꯃꯤ ꯫ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯟꯇꯝ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤꯗꯥ ꯐꯟꯗꯥꯃꯦꯟꯇꯦꯜ ꯔꯤꯖꯜꯇ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯄꯨꯊꯣꯀꯈꯤꯕꯥ ꯃꯅꯥ ꯐꯪꯂꯕꯥ ꯑꯣꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯤꯌꯥ-ꯑꯥꯏꯔꯤꯁꯀꯤ ꯐꯤꯖꯤꯁꯤꯁ꯭ꯠ: ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔ ꯏꯛꯀ꯭ꯨꯋꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯁꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯦꯝ ꯑꯃꯒꯤ ꯋꯦꯕ ꯐꯪꯁꯟ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯇꯃꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡ ꯏꯟꯅꯥ ꯃꯇꯧ ꯀꯔꯝꯅꯥ ꯗꯥꯏꯅꯥꯃꯤꯛ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯍꯣꯡꯂꯛꯄꯒꯦ ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯗꯨ ꯂꯦꯄꯊꯣꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯃꯑꯣꯡ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯄꯤꯔꯤ ꯫

ꯃꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯊꯛꯇꯥ, ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯐꯤꯖꯤꯛꯁꯀꯤ ꯇꯣꯉꯥꯟ ꯇꯣꯉꯥꯟꯕ ꯃꯁꯛꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯡꯗꯥ ꯋꯥꯔꯤ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯏꯈꯤ: ꯁ꯭ꯇꯦꯇꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯃꯦꯀꯥꯅꯤꯛꯁ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯊꯔꯃꯣꯗꯥꯏꯅꯥꯃꯤꯛꯁ, ꯗꯥꯏꯑꯦꯂꯛꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯛꯁꯀꯤ ꯐꯤꯖꯤꯛꯁ, ꯃꯆꯨꯒꯤ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤ, ꯏꯂꯦꯛꯇ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯥꯏꯅꯥꯃꯤꯛ, ꯖꯦꯅꯦꯔꯦꯜ ꯔꯤꯂꯦꯇꯤꯕꯤꯇꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯀꯣꯁ꯭ꯃꯣꯂꯣꯖꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ ꯐꯤꯜꯗ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯁꯦꯝꯅꯕ ꯍꯣꯠꯅꯕ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯂꯥꯏꯔꯤꯛ What Is Life? ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔꯅꯥ ꯖꯤꯅꯦꯇꯤꯛꯁꯀꯤ ꯑꯋꯥꯕꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯀꯣꯛꯍꯟꯈꯤ, ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯐꯤꯚꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯐꯤꯖꯤꯛꯁꯀꯤ ꯃꯤꯠꯌꯦꯡꯗꯒꯤ ꯌꯦꯡꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯁꯥꯏꯟꯁꯀꯤ ꯋꯥꯡꯉꯨꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯃꯑꯣꯡꯁꯤꯡ, ꯑꯔꯤꯕ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯑꯣꯔꯤꯑꯦꯟꯇꯦꯜ ꯋꯥꯉꯨꯂꯣꯟꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤꯡ, ꯏꯊꯤꯛꯁ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯙꯔꯝꯃꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯡꯗꯥ ꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯃꯤꯠꯌꯦꯡ ꯊꯃꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅ ꯋꯥꯡꯉꯨꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤꯇꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯕꯥꯏꯑꯣꯂꯣꯖꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯡꯗꯁꯨ ꯏꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯤꯌꯥꯝꯅ ꯄꯥꯝꯅꯕ ꯀꯂꯆꯔꯗ, ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ "ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯀꯦꯠ" ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯒꯤ ꯑꯦꯛꯁꯄꯔꯤꯃꯦꯟꯇꯀꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯈ꯭ꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯤꯡ ꯆꯠꯂꯤ ꯫ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯕꯤ ꯱ꯁꯨꯡ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯇꯧꯅꯕ ꯊꯝꯕ ꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯱ ꯃꯈꯣꯏ ꯳ ꯄꯨꯟꯅ ꯂꯩꯃꯤꯟꯅꯕꯅꯥ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯀꯄꯨ ꯑꯋꯥꯕꯥ ꯈꯔꯥ ꯊꯣꯛꯍꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯆꯦꯐꯣꯡꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯑꯇꯣꯞꯄꯥ ꯅꯨꯄꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒꯥ ꯁꯦꯛꯁꯨꯑꯦꯜ ꯂꯤꯌꯦꯁꯟꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯁꯥꯅꯥ ꯃꯁꯥꯕꯨ “ꯇꯤꯟ-ꯀꯥꯡ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯅꯨꯄꯤꯃꯆꯥꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯤꯗꯤꯂꯦꯛꯁꯟ” ꯍꯥꯏꯅ ꯐꯣꯡꯗꯣꯀꯈꯤꯕ ꯑꯗꯨꯁꯨ ꯗꯣꯀꯨꯃꯦꯟꯇ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ ꯫

ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯑꯌꯥꯝꯕ ꯁꯔꯨꯛ ꯇꯣꯉꯥꯟ ꯇꯣꯉꯥꯟꯕꯥ ꯇꯥꯏꯕꯪ ꯃꯍꯩꯀꯣꯜꯁꯤꯡ ( ꯌꯨꯅꯤꯚꯔꯁꯤꯇꯤꯁꯤꯡ) ꯗꯥ ꯄꯣꯖꯤꯁꯟꯁꯤꯡꯒꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅꯥ ꯑꯦꯀꯥꯗꯦꯃꯤꯛ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯦꯟꯈꯤ, ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔꯅꯥ ꯄꯣꯜ ꯗꯤꯔꯥꯛꯀꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅꯥ ꯱꯹꯳꯳ꯗꯥ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯟꯇꯝ ꯃꯦꯀꯥꯅꯤꯛꯁꯀꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯡꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯇꯧꯈꯤꯕ ꯊꯕꯛꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯐꯤꯖꯤꯛꯁꯀꯤ ꯅꯣꯕꯦꯜ ꯃꯅꯥ ꯐꯪꯈꯤ, ꯆꯍꯤ ꯑꯗꯨꯃꯛꯇꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅ ꯅꯥꯠꯀꯤ ꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯋꯥꯈꯜꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯗꯨꯅ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯗꯨꯅ ꯖꯔꯃꯅꯤ ꯊꯥꯗꯣꯀꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯄꯔꯁꯣꯅꯦꯜ ꯂꯥꯏꯐꯇꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯕꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯇꯧꯅꯕ ꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅꯥ ꯂꯩꯃꯤꯟꯅꯈꯤ ꯃꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯃꯔꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯒꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯑꯣꯛꯁꯐꯣꯔꯗꯇꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯄꯣꯖꯤꯁꯟ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯊꯥꯗꯣꯀꯈꯤꯕꯥ ꯑꯋꯥꯕꯁꯤꯡ ꯊꯣꯛꯍꯅꯈꯤꯕ ꯌꯥꯏ ꯫ ꯃꯇꯨꯡ ꯇꯥꯔꯛꯄꯗꯥ, ꯱꯹꯳꯸ ꯐꯎꯕ, ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯅꯥꯠꯀꯤ ꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯊꯧꯗꯥꯡ ꯂꯧꯈꯤꯕ ꯐꯥꯎꯕ ꯑꯁꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯌꯥꯒꯤ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯦꯖꯗꯥ ꯄꯣꯖꯤꯁꯟ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯂꯩꯈꯤ, ꯃꯗꯨꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯑꯔꯣꯏꯕꯗꯥ ꯗꯕ꯭ꯂꯤꯟꯗꯥ ꯃꯇꯝ ꯁꯥꯡꯅ ꯊꯧꯔꯥꯡ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯐꯪꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯂꯥꯟꯊꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯃꯐꯝ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯱꯹꯵꯵ꯗꯥ ꯐꯝ ꯊꯥꯗꯣꯛꯄ ꯐꯥꯎꯕ ꯂꯩꯈꯤ, ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯷꯳ ꯁꯨꯔꯛꯄꯗꯥ ꯚꯤꯌꯦꯅꯥꯗꯥ ꯇ꯭ꯌꯨꯕꯔꯀꯨꯂꯣꯁꯤꯁꯅꯥ ꯅꯥꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯂꯩꯈꯤꯗ꯭ꯔꯦ ꯫

ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯤ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯉꯟꯂꯤꯉꯩ ꯆꯩꯍꯤ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯁꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯌꯥꯒꯤ ꯚꯤꯌꯦꯟꯅꯥꯗ ꯂꯩꯕ ꯑꯦꯔꯗꯕꯔꯒꯗꯥ ꯑꯒꯁ ꯱꯲, ꯱꯸꯸꯷ ꯗꯥ ꯔꯨꯗꯣꯜꯐ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔ (ꯁꯦꯔꯦꯛꯂꯣꯊ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯣꯗ꯭ꯌꯨꯁꯔ, ꯕꯣꯇꯥꯅꯤꯁ꯭ꯠ) ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯖꯔꯖꯤꯟ ꯏꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯥ ꯕ꯭ꯔꯦꯟꯗꯥ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔ (née Bauer) (ꯑꯂꯦꯀꯖꯦꯟꯗꯔ ꯕꯥꯎꯔꯒꯤ ꯃꯆꯥꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯒꯤ ꯃꯆꯥꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯄꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ , ꯀꯦꯃꯤꯁꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯒꯤ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯣꯐꯦꯁꯔ, ꯇꯤ.ꯌꯨ.ꯋꯤꯟ) ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯃꯈꯣꯏꯒꯤ ꯑꯃꯇꯥ ꯉꯥꯏꯔꯕꯥ ꯃꯆꯥꯅꯤ ꯫

ꯃꯍꯩꯗ ꯊꯧꯋꯥꯏꯌꯥꯎꯕ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯋꯥꯈꯂꯒꯤ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯑꯉꯟꯕ ꯆꯍꯤꯗ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔꯅꯥ ꯏꯂꯦꯛꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯏꯟꯖꯤꯅꯤꯌꯔꯤꯡ, ꯑꯦꯠꯃꯣꯁ꯭ꯐꯤꯌꯔ ꯏꯂꯦꯛꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯁꯤꯇꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯑꯦꯠꯃꯣꯁ꯭ꯐꯤꯌꯔ ꯔꯦꯗꯤꯑꯣꯑꯦꯛꯇꯤꯚꯤꯇꯤꯒꯤ ꯂꯝꯗ ꯆꯥꯡꯌꯦꯡ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ, ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯃꯍꯧꯁꯥꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯍꯥꯟꯅꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯖꯥ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁ ꯑꯦꯛꯁꯅꯦꯔꯒꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅꯥ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯇꯧꯃꯤꯟꯅꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯚꯥꯏꯕ꯭ꯔꯦꯁꯅꯦꯜ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤ, ꯕ꯭ꯔꯥꯎꯅꯤꯌꯟ ꯃꯣꯁꯟꯒꯤ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯆꯩꯁꯤꯡꯂꯣꯟꯒꯤ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯦꯇꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯛꯁꯀꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯡꯗ ꯇꯝꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯱꯹꯱꯲ꯗꯥ ꯃꯩ ꯱ꯁꯨꯡ ꯆꯤꯡꯁꯤꯟꯕꯒꯤ ꯈꯨꯠꯄꯥꯏ ꯑꯦꯗꯤꯇꯔꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯍꯥꯏꯖꯔꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡ ꯏꯟꯅꯥ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔꯅꯥ ꯗꯥꯏꯑꯦꯂꯛꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯖꯝ ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯃꯤꯡꯊꯣꯟꯕ ꯋꯥꯔꯦꯡ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯏꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯑꯗꯨꯃꯛꯇꯗ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔꯅꯥ ꯔꯦꯗꯤꯑꯣꯑꯦꯛꯇꯤꯚ ꯄꯣꯠꯁꯛꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯏꯕ-ꯌꯥꯕ ꯑꯋꯥꯡꯕ ꯗꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯔꯤꯕ꯭ꯌꯨꯁꯟꯒꯤ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤꯇꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯌꯥꯎꯔꯥꯛꯅ ꯌꯥꯎꯕ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ, ꯃꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯑꯦꯠꯃꯣꯁ꯭ꯐꯤꯌꯔꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯕꯖꯥꯔꯚ ꯇꯧꯔꯕ ꯔꯦꯗꯤꯑꯣꯑꯦꯛꯇꯤꯚꯤꯇꯤ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯁꯟꯗꯣꯛꯅ ꯇꯥꯛꯅꯕ ꯃꯊꯧ ꯇꯥꯏ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯑꯒꯁ ꯱꯹꯱꯳ꯗ ꯓꯤꯍꯥꯝꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤꯇꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯑꯦꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯃꯦꯠ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯚꯤꯛꯇꯔ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁ ꯍꯦꯁꯀꯤ ꯆꯥꯡꯌꯦꯡ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯄꯥꯡꯊꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯑꯁꯤꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔꯅꯥ ꯑꯣꯁ꯭ꯇꯔꯤꯌꯥꯒꯤ ꯑꯦꯀꯥꯗꯦꯃꯤ ꯑꯣꯐ ꯁꯥꯏꯟꯁꯦꯁꯀꯤ ꯱꯹꯲꯰ꯒꯤ ꯍꯥꯏꯇꯤꯡꯒꯔ ꯃꯅꯥ (ꯍꯥꯏꯇꯤꯡꯒꯔ-ꯃꯅꯥ) ꯄꯤꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯱꯹꯱꯴ꯗ ꯅꯍꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯤꯕ ꯊꯤꯖꯤꯟꯂꯣꯏ ꯑꯁꯤꯅ ꯄꯥꯡꯊꯣꯀꯈꯤꯕ ꯑꯇꯣꯞꯄ ꯆꯥꯡꯌꯦꯡꯗ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯗꯤꯁꯤꯡꯗꯤ ꯒ꯭ꯌꯥꯁ ꯕꯕꯂꯁꯤꯡꯗ ꯀꯦꯄꯤꯂꯦꯔꯤ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯦꯁꯔꯒꯤ ꯐꯣꯔꯃꯨꯂꯥꯁꯤꯡ ꯌꯦꯡꯁꯤꯟꯕ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯆꯜ ꯃꯊꯛꯇꯥ ꯁꯣꯀꯍꯜꯂꯤꯕꯥ ꯒꯥꯃꯥ ꯔꯦꯁꯤꯡꯅꯥ ꯄꯨꯊꯣꯛꯄ ꯇꯔꯨ ꯇꯅꯥꯟꯕ ꯕꯦꯇꯥ ꯔꯦꯗꯤꯑꯦꯁꯟꯒꯤ ꯃꯒꯨꯟꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯡꯗ ꯊꯤꯖꯤꯅꯕꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯔꯨꯞ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯤꯠꯖ ꯀꯣꯍꯂꯔꯥꯎꯁꯀꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅ ꯄꯥꯡꯊꯣꯀꯈꯤꯕ ꯑꯔꯣꯏꯕ ꯄꯨꯟꯅ ꯇꯧꯃꯤꯟꯅꯕ ꯊꯕꯛꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯱꯹꯱꯹ꯗ ꯁ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯤꯡꯒꯔꯅꯥ ꯀꯣꯍꯔꯦꯟ ꯃꯉꯥꯜꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯔꯣꯏꯕ ꯐꯤꯖꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯆꯥꯡꯌꯦꯡ ꯄꯥꯡꯊꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯇꯨꯡ ꯇꯥꯔꯛꯄꯗ ꯊꯤꯑꯣꯔꯤꯇꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯗꯤꯁꯤꯡꯗ ꯃꯤꯠꯌꯦꯡ ꯊꯃꯈꯤ ꯫

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]