ꯐꯤꯟꯂꯦꯟ

ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
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Republic of Finland

  • Suomen tasavalta  (Lua error in Module:Lang at line 16: attempt to index field 'lang_name_table' (a nil value).)
  • Republiken Finland  (Lua error in Module:Lang at line 16: attempt to index field 'lang_name_table' (a nil value).)
Flag of ꯐꯤꯟꯂꯦꯟ
Flag
Coat of arms of ꯐꯤꯟꯂꯦꯟ
Coat of arms
Anthem: 
Maamme  (Lua error in Module:Lang at line 16: attempt to index field 'lang_name_table' (a nil value).)
Vårt land  (Lua error in Module:Lang at line 16: attempt to index field 'lang_name_table' (a nil value).)
(ꯏꯪꯂꯤꯁ ꯂꯣꯟ: "Our Land" )
EU-Finland (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Finland.svg
Location of  ꯐꯤꯟꯂꯦꯟ  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

ꯀꯣꯅꯨꯡHelsinki
60°10′N 24°56′E / 60.167°N 24.933°E / 60.167; 24.933
ꯈ꯭ꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯎꯕ citycapital
ꯆꯠꯅꯔꯤꯕ  ꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤꯡ
ꯁꯛꯈꯪꯂꯕ regional ꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤꯡSámi
ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡ ꯂꯤꯆꯠ
Demonym(s)
ꯂꯩꯉꯥꯛUnitary parliamentary republic[꯱]
• President
Sauli Niinistö
Juha Sipilä[꯲]
ꯂꯩꯉꯥꯛꯂꯣꯟEduskunta/Riksdagen
Formation
29 March 1809
6 December 1917
27 January – 15 May 1918
1 January 1995
ꯃꯐꯝ ꯄꯥꯛ ꯆꯥꯎꯕ
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
꯳,꯳꯸,꯴꯲꯴ ꯀꯤꯂꯣꯃꯤꯇꯔ ꯁ꯭ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯔ[]%s (64th)
• ꯏꯁꯤꯡ (%)
10
ꯃꯤꯁꯤꯡ
• September 2018 estimate
Increase 5,520,535[꯳] (114th)
• 2017 official
5,513,000[꯴]
• Density
꯱꯶/km2 (꯴꯱.꯴/sq mi) (213th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$257 billion[꯵]
• Per capita
$46,559[꯵]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$277 billion[꯵]
• Per capita
$50,068[꯵]
Gini (2017)25.3[꯶]
low · 6th
HDI (2017)Increase 0.920[꯷]
very high · 15th
ꯁꯦꯟꯌꯦꯛEuro () (EUR)
ꯃꯇꯝꯒꯤ ꯃꯐꯝUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
ꯆꯩꯆꯠ ꯃꯑꯣꯡdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+358
Internet TLD.fia
  1. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

ꯐꯤꯟꯂꯦꯟ ꯁꯤ ꯑꯋꯥꯡ ꯊꯪꯕ ꯏꯌꯨꯔꯣꯞꯇꯥ ꯂꯩꯕ ꯃꯅꯤꯡꯇꯝꯕ ꯂꯥꯄꯥꯛ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫



ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

  1. Formerly a semi-presidential republic, it is now a parliamentary republic according to David Arter, First Chair of Politics at Aberdeen University. In his "Scandinavian Politics Today" (Manchester University Press, revised 2008 ISBN 9780719078538), he quotes Nousiainen, Jaakko (June 2001). "From semi-presidentialism to parliamentary government: political and constitutional developments in Finland". Scandinavian Political Studies. 24 (2): 95–109. doi:10.1111/1467-9477.00048. as follows: "There are hardly any grounds for the epithet 'semi-presidential'." Arter's own conclusions are only slightly more nuanced: "The adoption of a new constitution on 1 March 2000 meant that Finland was no longer a case of semi-presidential government other than in the minimalist sense of a situation where a popularly elected fixed-term president exists alongside a prime minister and cabinet who are responsible to parliament (Elgie 2004: 317)". According to the Finnish Constitution, the president has no possibility to rule the government without the ministerial approval, and does not have the power to dissolve the parliament under his or her own desire. Finland is actually represented by its prime minister, and not by its president, in the Council of the Heads of State and Government of the European Union. The 2012 constitutional amendments reduced the powers of the president even further.
  2. https://nypost.com/2019/03/08/finlands-entire-government-resigns-after-breakdown-of-agreement-on-welfare-state-reform/
  3. Finland's preliminary population figure 5,517,887 at the end of July. Statistics Finland. Retrieved on 26 October 2018
  4. Finland's population was 5,503,297 at the turn of the year. Statistics Finland. Retrieved on 17 August 2017
  5. ꯵.꯰ ꯵.꯱ ꯵.꯲ ꯵.꯳ Report for Selected Countries and Subjects. IMF (17 October 2018).
  6. Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income - EU-SILC survey. Eurostat.
  7. 2017 Human Development Report. United Nations Development Programme (2017). Retrieved on 14 September 2018
"https://mni.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ꯐꯤꯟꯂꯦꯟ&oldid=13912" ꯃꯐꯝꯗꯨꯗꯒꯤ ꯂꯧꯈꯠꯂꯛꯄꯥ