ꯚꯤꯌꯥ ꯀꯦꯝꯄꯦꯁꯤꯅꯥ

ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
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꯷ꯁꯨꯕꯥ ꯋꯥꯔꯜꯗ ꯁꯣꯁꯤꯑꯦꯜ ꯐꯣꯔꯃꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯚꯤꯌꯥ ꯀꯦꯝꯄꯦꯁꯤꯅꯥꯒꯤ ꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯃꯦꯝꯕꯔꯁꯤꯡ (ꯅꯥꯏꯔꯣꯕꯤ, ꯲꯰꯰꯷)

ꯂꯥ ꯚꯤꯌꯥ ꯀꯦꯝꯄꯦꯁꯤꯅꯥ (ꯁ꯭ꯄꯦꯅꯤꯁ ꯂꯣꯟꯗꯒꯤ: ꯂꯥ ꯚꯤꯌꯥ ꯀꯦꯝꯄꯦꯁꯤꯅꯥ, ꯂꯤꯠ. ‘ꯂꯧꯃꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯝꯕꯤ’) ꯑꯁꯤ ꯕꯦꯂꯖꯤꯌꯃꯒꯤ ꯃꯣꯟꯁꯇꯥ ꯱꯹꯹꯳ꯗꯥ ꯂꯤꯡꯈꯠꯈꯤꯕꯥ ꯏꯟꯇꯔꯅꯦꯁ꯭ꯅꯦꯜ ꯐꯥꯔꯃꯔꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯔꯒꯅꯥꯏꯖꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ, ꯃꯁꯤ ꯂꯩꯕꯥꯛ ꯸꯱ꯗꯥ ꯑꯣꯔꯒꯅꯥꯏꯖꯦꯁꯟ ꯱꯸꯲ꯅꯥ ꯁꯦꯃꯈꯤꯕꯅꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯁꯥꯃꯀꯄꯨ “ꯏꯟꯇꯔꯅꯦꯁ꯭ꯅꯦꯜ ꯃꯨꯕꯃꯦꯟꯇ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯃꯗꯨꯗꯤ... ꯑꯦꯁꯤꯌꯥ, ꯑꯐ꯭ꯔꯤꯀꯥ, ꯑꯃꯦꯔꯤꯀꯥ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯌꯨꯔꯣꯄꯀꯤ ꯑꯄꯤꯀꯄꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯌꯥꯏ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯗ꯭ꯌꯨꯁꯔꯁꯤꯡ, ꯂꯧꯎ-ꯁꯤꯡꯎꯒꯤ ꯁꯤꯟꯃꯤꯁꯤꯡ, ꯈꯨꯉ꯭ꯒꯪꯒꯤ ꯅꯨꯄꯤꯁꯤꯡ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯏꯟꯗꯤꯖꯦꯅꯁ ꯀꯝꯝꯌꯨꯅꯤꯇꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯧꯃꯤ ꯑꯣꯔꯒꯅꯥꯏꯖꯦꯁꯅꯁꯤꯡ ꯀꯣꯑꯣꯔꯗꯤꯅꯦꯠ ꯇꯧꯏ"꯫[꯱][꯲]

ꯚꯤꯌꯥ ꯀꯦꯝꯄꯦꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯏꯃꯨꯡ-ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯌꯨꯝꯐꯝ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯇꯨꯡ ꯀꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯆꯠꯀꯗꯕꯥ ꯂꯧꯎ-ꯁꯤꯡꯎꯒꯤ ꯂꯃꯗꯥ ꯋꯥꯐꯝ ꯊꯝꯂꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯁꯤ "ꯐꯨꯗ ꯁꯣꯚꯔꯦꯟꯇꯤ" ꯍꯥꯌꯕꯥ ꯋꯥꯍꯩ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯁꯦꯃꯈꯤꯕꯥ ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯨꯞ ꯑꯗꯨꯅꯤ꯫ ꯂꯥ ꯚꯤꯌꯥ ꯀꯦꯝꯄꯦꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯂꯧꯃꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯍꯩ-ꯃꯔꯣꯡꯒꯤ ꯍꯛ ꯉꯥꯛꯅꯕꯥ, ꯅꯨꯄꯤꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯍꯤꯡꯁꯥ ꯊꯤꯡꯅꯕꯥ, ꯑꯦꯒ꯭ꯔꯤꯀꯂꯆꯔꯦꯜ ꯔꯤꯐꯣꯔꯃꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯧꯁꯥꯅꯥ ꯂꯧꯃꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯍꯀꯁꯤꯡ ꯁꯀꯈꯉꯅꯕꯥ ꯈꯣꯡꯖꯪꯁꯤꯡ ꯄꯥꯌꯈꯠꯂꯤ꯫[꯳][꯴][꯵][꯶][꯷]

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

  1. https://viacampesina.org/en/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2018/03/List-of-members.pdf
  2. "Global Small-Scale Farmers' Movement Developing New Trade Regimes", Food First News & Views, Volume 28, Number 97 Spring/Summer 2005, p.2.
  3. "Global Small-Scale Farmers' Movement Developing New Trade Regimes", Food First News & Views, Volume 28, Number 97 Spring/Summer 2005, p.2.
  4. Borras Jr., Saturnino M. "The Peasant Way and its Global Campaign for Agrarian Reform.." Journal of Agrarian Change 8, no. 2/3 (April 2008): 258-289.
  5. Desmarais, Annette Aurélie (2007): The Peasant Way: Globalization and the Power of Peasants, Fernwood Publishing, ISBN 978-0-7453-2704-4
  6. Desmarais, Annette Aurélie (2002). "Vía Campesina: Consolidating an International Peasant Movement". Journal of Peasant Studies . 29 (2): 91–124. doi : 10.1080/714003943 . S2CID 153878334 .
  7. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03066150903498804#preview