ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
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ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
Монгол Улс  (Script error: The function "name_from_tag" does not exist.)
Flag of Mongolia
Emblem of Mongolia

Location of  ꯃꯣꯡꯒꯣꯂꯤꯌꯥ  (green)
Location of  ꯃꯣꯡꯒꯣꯂꯤꯌꯥ  (green)
ꯀꯣꯑꯣꯔꯗꯤꯅꯦꯠꯁ: 47°55′N 106°53′E / 47.917°N 106.883°E / 47.917; 106.883
ꯈ꯭ꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯎꯕ citycapital
ꯆꯠꯅꯔꯤꯕ  ꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤꯡMongolian
Official scriptsMongolian Cyrillic
Mongolian script[꯱]
ꯐꯨꯔꯨꯞ  ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯨꯞꯁꯤꯡ
ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡ ꯂꯤꯆꯠ
Buddhism (53%)
Non-religious (38.6%)
Islam (3%)
Shamanism (2.9%)
Christianity (2.2%)
Others (0.4%)[꯲]
ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛꯆꯥ ꯃꯃꯤꯡ
ꯂꯩꯉꯥꯛUnitary semi-presidential republic[꯳][꯴][꯵]
• President
Khaltmaagiin Battulga
Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh
ꯂꯩꯉꯥꯛꯂꯣꯟState Great Khural
formed 209 BC
formed 1206
December 29, 1911
• Mongolian People's Republic was established
November 26, 1924
• Independence was recognized by China
January 5, 1946
February 13, 1992
ꯃꯐꯝ ꯄꯥꯛ ꯆꯥꯎꯕ
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
꯱꯵,꯶꯶,꯰꯰꯰ ꯀꯤꯂꯣꯃꯤꯇꯔ ꯁ꯭ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯔ[]%s (18th)
• ꯏꯁꯤꯡ (%)
• 2019 estimate
3,256,176[꯶] (134th)
• ꯀꯨꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯡ
꯱.꯹꯷[꯷]/km2 (꯵.꯱/sq mi) (238th)
ꯖꯤ•ꯗꯤ•ꯄꯤ (ꯄꯤ•ꯄꯤ•ꯄꯤ)2019 ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯌꯥꯕ ꯆꯥꯡ
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
$47 billion[꯸] (115th)
• ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯱ ꯗ
$14,270[꯸] (93rd)
ꯖꯤ•ꯗꯤ•ꯄꯤ (nominal)2019 ꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯌꯥꯕ
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
$13.7 billion[꯸] (133rd)
• ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯱ ꯗ
$4,151[꯸] (116th)
ꯒꯤꯅꯤ (2016)32.3[꯹]
ꯍꯩꯆ•ꯗꯤ•ꯑꯥꯏ (2017)0.741[꯱꯰]
high · 92nd
ꯁꯦꯟꯌꯦꯛTögrög (MNT)
ꯃꯇꯝꯒꯤ ꯃꯐꯝꯌꯨ•ꯇꯤ•ꯁꯤ+7/+8[꯱꯱]
• ꯀꯥꯂꯦꯟ (ꯗꯤ•ꯑꯦꯁ•ꯇꯤ)
ꯆꯩꯆꯠ ꯃꯑꯣꯡyyyy.mm.dd (CE)
ꯌꯥꯡꯗꯧ ꯊꯧꯕꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯏright
Calling code+976
ꯑꯥꯏ•ꯑꯦꯁ•ꯑꯣ ꯳꯱꯶꯶ ꯀꯣꯗMN
Internet TLD.mn, .мон
  1. ^ Also spelled "Ulan Bator".
  2. ^ "Mongolian" denotes nationality, which includes minorities such as Kazakhs or Tuvans, while "Mongol" indicates Mongol ethnicity.

ꯃꯣꯡꯒꯣꯂꯤꯌꯥ (/mɒnˈɡliə/ (About this sound listen); Монгол Улс Mongol Uls in Mongolian Cyrillic; Mongγol Ulus [transliterated] in Mongolian script) is a landlocked country in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and that term is sometimes used to refer to the current state. It is sandwiched between Russia to the north and China to the south, where it neighbours the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, although only ꯳꯷ ꯀꯤꯂꯣmetre (꯱,꯲꯱,꯰꯰꯰ feet) separates them.

At ꯱꯵,꯶꯴,꯱꯱꯶ square ꯀꯤꯂꯣmetre (꯱.꯶꯸꯳꯶꯰꯰×꯱꯰꯱꯳ square feet), Mongolia is the 18th-largest and the most sparsely populated sovereign state in the world, with a population of around three million people. It is also the world's second-largest landlocked country behind Kazakhstan and the largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea. The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the country's population.[꯱꯳] Ulaanbaatar also shares the rank of the world's coldest capital city with Moscow, Ottawa, and Nur-Sultan.[꯱꯴][꯱꯵][꯱꯶]

ꯁꯤꯁꯨ ꯌꯦꯡꯉꯨ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

  1. "Official Documents to be in Mongolian Script"꯫ June 21, 2011 ꯫ ꯆꯠꯅꯕ ꯆꯩꯆꯠ - 2010-07-11 ꯫ ꯫ ꯂꯤꯗꯨꯅ ꯊꯝꯂꯦ ꯑꯁꯦꯡꯕ ꯃꯐꯝꯗ November 1, 2011 ꯫ 
  2. ꯲.꯰ ꯲.꯱ ꯲.꯲ Mongolia. The World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on July 3, 2015 ꯫ Retrieved on August 9, 2015
  3. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (September 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 19, 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  4. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (December 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). French Politics. 3 (3): 323–351. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200087. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. Even if the president has no discretion in the forming of cabinets or the right to dissolve parliament, his or her constitutional authority can be regarded as 'quite considerable' in Duverger’s sense if cabinet legislation approved in parliament can be blocked by the people's elected agent. Such powers are especially relevant if an extraordinary majority is required to override a veto, as in Mongolia, Poland, and Senegal. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. Odonkhuu, Munkhsaikhan (12 February 2016). Mongolia: A Vain Constitutional Attempt to Consolidate Parliamentary Democracy. International IDEA. Archived from the original on February 25, 2016 ꯫ “Mongolia is sometimes described as a semi-presidential system because, while the prime minister and cabinet are collectively responsible to the SGKh, the president is popularly elected, and his/her powers are much broader than the conventional powers of heads of state in parliamentary systems.”
  6. http://www.nso.mn/
  7. ꯷.꯰ ꯷.꯱ Apr 2016
  8. ꯸.꯰ ꯸.꯱ ꯸.꯲ ꯸.꯳ World Economic Outlook Database, January 2019. International Monetary Fund.
  9. GINI index (World Bank estimate). World Bank.
  10. Human Development Report 2018 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators" 22–25. HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved on 14 September 2018
  11. Mongolia Standard Time is GMT (UTC) +8, some areas of Mongolia use GMT (UTC) +7. Time Temperature.com. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007 ꯫ Retrieved on 2007-09-30
  12. Clock changes in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. timeanddate.com. Archived from the original on March 25, 2015 ꯫ Retrieved on 2015-03-27
  13. Mongolia Population 2018.
  14. Dec 28, CBC News · Posted:. Iced cap: Ottawa currently coldest capital city in the world | CBC News (in en).
  15. The Coldest Capital Cities In The World (in en).
  16. geography, Matt Rosenberg Matt Rosenberg has a masters in. What Is the Coldest Capital City in the World?.