ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯗꯦꯜ

ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
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ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯗꯦꯜ

ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯁꯥꯎꯜ ꯗꯦꯜ (ꯄꯣꯀꯄꯥ ꯐꯦꯕ꯭ꯔꯨꯋꯥꯔꯤ ꯲꯳, ꯱꯹꯶꯵) ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯃꯦꯔꯤꯀꯥꯒꯤꯒꯤ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯅꯔ ꯕꯤꯖꯤꯅꯦꯁꯃꯦꯟ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯐꯤꯂꯥꯟꯠꯔꯣꯄꯤꯁ꯭ꯠ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯃꯥꯂꯦꯃꯒꯤ ꯈ꯭ꯕꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯎꯕꯥ ꯇꯦꯛꯅꯣꯂꯣꯖꯤ ꯏꯅꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯀꯆꯔ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯇꯦꯛꯅꯣꯂꯣꯖꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯤꯡꯈꯠꯄꯥ, ꯆꯦꯌꯔꯃꯦꯟ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯤ.ꯏ.ꯑꯣ. [꯱] ꯃꯍꯥꯀꯄꯨ ꯕ꯭ꯂꯨꯃꯕꯥꯔꯒ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯅꯔꯁ ꯏꯟꯗꯦꯛꯁꯅꯥ ꯃꯥꯂꯦꯃꯒꯤ ꯈ꯭ꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯁꯦꯜ ꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯇꯥꯅꯕꯥ ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯲꯴ ꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯊꯝꯂꯤ, ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯅꯦꯠ ꯋꯔꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯣꯛꯇꯣꯕꯔ ꯲꯰꯲꯲ ꯐꯥꯎꯕꯗꯥ ꯗꯣꯂꯔ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯴꯵ꯅꯤ ꯫ [꯲]

꯲꯰꯱꯱ꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯀꯀꯤ ꯁꯦꯟꯗꯣꯡ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯲꯴꯳.꯳꯵ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯳.꯵ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ, ꯃꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯀꯄꯨ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤ ꯑꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯱꯲%ꯒꯤ ꯃꯄꯨ ꯑꯣꯏꯍꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯳] ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯂꯦꯃꯍꯧꯔꯤꯕꯥ ꯆꯥꯎꯔꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯱꯰ꯒꯤ ꯂꯟ-ꯊꯨꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯇꯣꯞꯄꯥ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯊꯥꯗꯔꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯁꯤ ꯑꯦꯝ.ꯑꯦꯁ.ꯗꯤ.ꯀꯦꯄꯤꯇꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯃꯦꯅꯦꯖ ꯇꯧꯔꯤ, ꯃꯁꯤꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯏꯅꯤꯁꯤꯑꯦꯂꯁꯤꯡ ꯌꯥꯎꯔꯤ ꯫ [꯴] ꯲꯰꯱꯳ꯒꯤ ꯖꯅꯨꯋꯥꯔꯤꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯦꯠ ꯔꯤꯁꯦꯁꯅꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯈ꯭ꯕꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯎꯕꯥ ꯃꯦꯅꯦꯖꯃꯦꯟꯇ ꯕꯥꯏꯑꯥꯎꯠ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯗꯣꯂꯔ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯲꯴.꯴ꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯂꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯏꯟꯀꯄꯨ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯕꯦꯠ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯧꯅꯕꯥ ꯕꯤꯗ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ ꯍꯥꯌꯅꯥ ꯂꯥꯎꯊꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯏꯟꯛꯅꯥ ꯑꯣꯐꯤꯁꯤꯑꯦꯜ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯑꯣꯛꯇꯣꯕꯔ ꯲꯰꯱꯳ꯗꯥ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯚꯦꯠ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯆꯠꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯵] ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯲꯰꯱꯸ꯒꯤ ꯗꯤꯁꯦꯝꯕꯔꯗꯥ ꯑꯃꯨꯛ ꯍꯟꯅꯥ ꯃꯤꯌꯥꯝꯗꯥ ꯌꯧꯍꯅꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯶]

ꯉꯜꯂꯤꯉꯩꯒꯤ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯩ-ꯃꯁꯤꯡ ꯇꯝꯕꯥ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯗꯦꯜ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯱꯹꯶꯵ꯗꯥ ꯍꯧꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯟꯗꯥ ꯄꯣꯛꯈꯤ, ꯖꯨꯗꯤꯁꯤꯌꯔꯤꯒꯤ ꯏꯃꯨꯡ ꯑꯃꯗꯥ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯃꯥ-ꯃꯄꯥ ꯂꯣꯔꯦꯟ ꯆꯥꯔꯂꯣꯠ (née Langfan), ꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯛꯕ꯭ꯔꯣꯀꯥꯔ, [꯷] ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯑꯂꯦꯛꯖꯥꯟꯗꯔ ꯗꯦꯜ, ꯑꯣꯔꯊꯣꯗꯣꯟꯇꯤꯁ꯭ꯠ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯍꯧꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯟꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯍꯦꯔꯣꯗ ꯏꯂꯤꯃꯦꯟꯇꯔꯤ ꯁ꯭ꯀꯨꯂꯗꯥ ꯇꯝꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯃꯈꯥ ꯇꯥꯅꯥ ꯃꯦꯃꯣꯔꯤꯌꯦꯜ ꯍꯥꯏ ꯁ꯭ꯀꯨꯂꯗꯥ ꯇꯝꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯸] ꯕꯤꯖꯤꯅꯦꯁꯇꯥ ꯇꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯆꯪꯁꯤꯟꯅꯕꯥ ꯍꯣꯠꯅꯕꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯸ ꯁꯨꯔꯀꯄꯗꯥ ꯍꯥꯏꯁ꯭ꯀꯨꯂꯒꯤ ꯏꯛꯌꯨꯏꯕꯦꯜ ꯑꯦꯀꯖꯥꯝ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯂꯧꯅꯕꯥ ꯑꯦꯞꯂꯥꯏ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ꯫ [꯹] ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯅꯕꯥ ꯇꯤꯅꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯃꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯄꯥꯔꯠ-ꯇꯥꯏꯝ ꯊꯕꯀꯁꯤꯡꯗꯒꯤ ꯐꯪꯂꯀꯄꯥ ꯁꯦꯅꯐꯝ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯛ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯃꯜ ꯌꯥꯝꯂꯕꯥ ꯙꯥꯇꯨꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯊꯥꯗꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯱꯰]

ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯷ꯇꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕꯥ ꯀꯦꯂꯀꯨꯂꯦꯇꯔ ꯂꯧꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯖꯨꯅꯤꯌꯔ ꯍꯥꯏ ꯁ꯭ꯀꯨꯂꯗꯥ ꯉꯟꯅꯥ ꯇꯦꯂꯤꯇꯥꯏꯞ ꯇꯔꯃꯤꯅꯦꯜ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯊꯦꯡꯅꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯱꯵ ꯁꯨꯔꯛꯄꯗꯥ ꯔꯦꯗꯤꯑꯣ ꯁꯦꯀꯇꯥ ꯀꯝꯞꯌꯨꯇꯔꯒꯥ ꯁꯥꯟꯅꯔꯕꯥ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕꯥ ꯀꯝꯞꯌꯨꯇꯔ, ꯑꯦꯄꯜ II ꯑꯃꯥ ꯐꯪꯈꯤ, ꯃꯗꯨ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯇꯧ ꯀꯔꯝꯅꯥ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯇꯧꯕꯒꯦ ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯗꯨ ꯌꯦꯡꯅꯕꯥ ꯈꯨꯗꯛꯇꯥ ꯗꯤꯁꯁꯦꯝꯕꯜ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯱꯱] ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯍꯧꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯟꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯃꯦꯃꯣꯔꯤꯌꯦꯜ ꯍꯥꯏ ꯁ꯭ꯀꯨꯂꯗꯥ ꯇꯃꯈꯤ, ꯃꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯍꯧꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯟ ꯄꯣꯁ꯭ꯇꯀꯤ ꯁꯕꯁ꯭ꯛꯔꯤꯄꯁꯟ ꯌꯣꯜꯂꯝꯃꯤ ꯫ ꯗꯦꯜꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯥ-ꯃꯄꯥꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯀꯄꯨ ꯗꯣꯛꯇꯔ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯄꯥꯝꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯈꯣꯏꯕꯨ ꯅꯨꯡꯉꯥꯏꯍꯟꯅꯕꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯱꯹꯸꯳ꯗꯥ ꯇꯦꯛꯁꯁ ꯌꯨꯅꯤꯚꯔꯁꯤꯇꯤꯗꯥ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯤ-ꯃꯦꯗ ꯂꯧꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯱꯲] ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯀꯣꯜꯗ ꯀꯣꯜ ꯈꯛꯇꯒꯤ ꯃꯍꯨꯠꯇꯥ ꯄꯥꯎ-ꯆꯦꯒꯤ ꯁꯕꯁ꯭ꯛꯔꯤꯄꯁꯅꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛꯇꯥ ꯑꯀꯛꯅꯕꯥ ꯃꯤꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯇꯥꯔꯒꯦꯠ ꯇꯧꯕꯥ ꯃꯈꯥ ꯇꯥꯅꯥ ꯇꯝꯈꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯗꯣꯂꯔ ꯱꯸,꯰꯰꯰ ꯔꯣꯝ ꯂꯥꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯱꯳] ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯏꯃꯞꯂꯣꯌꯤ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯅꯕꯥ ꯆꯍꯤꯗꯥ ꯂꯂꯣꯟ-ꯏꯇꯤꯛꯀꯤ ꯊꯕꯛꯇꯥ ꯆꯥꯎꯔꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯗꯣꯂꯔ ꯲꯰꯰,꯰꯰꯰ ꯔꯣꯃꯒꯤ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯣꯁ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯣꯐꯤꯠ ꯐꯪꯂꯕꯥ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯱꯹ ꯁꯨꯔꯀꯄꯗꯥ ꯇꯦꯛꯁꯁ ꯌꯨꯅꯤꯚꯔꯁꯤꯇꯤꯗꯒꯤ ꯊꯥꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯱꯴]

ꯂꯂꯣꯟ ꯏꯇꯤꯛ ꯀꯦꯔꯤꯌꯔ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯁꯥꯏꯟ ꯇꯧꯕꯥ ꯄꯤ.ꯁꯤ.ꯒꯤ ꯂꯤꯃꯤꯇꯦꯗ ꯇꯔꯕꯣ ꯄꯤ.ꯁꯤ
ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯑꯣꯔꯦꯜ ꯑꯣꯄꯦꯅꯋꯔꯜꯗ, ꯁꯥꯟ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯁꯤꯁ꯭ꯀꯣ ꯲꯰꯱꯰ꯗꯥ ꯂꯦꯀꯆꯔ ꯇꯧꯔꯤ꯫

ꯇꯦꯛꯁꯥꯁ ꯌꯨꯅꯤꯚꯔꯁꯤꯇꯤꯗꯥ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯦꯁꯃꯦꯟ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯤ-ꯃꯦꯗ ꯃꯍꯩꯔꯣꯌ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯔꯤꯉꯩꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯗꯣꯕꯤ ꯁꯦꯟꯇꯔ ꯔꯦꯁꯤꯗꯦꯟꯁꯤꯑꯦꯜ ꯕꯤꯜꯗꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯔꯨꯝ ꯲꯷꯱꯳ꯗꯥ ꯄꯔꯁꯣꯅꯦꯜ ꯀꯝꯞꯌꯨꯇꯔꯒꯤ ꯑꯄꯒ꯭ꯔꯦꯗ ꯀꯤꯠꯁꯤꯡ ꯄꯨꯟꯅꯥ ꯊꯃꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯌꯣꯟꯕꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯌꯣꯟꯕꯥ ꯏꯟꯐꯣꯔꯃꯦꯜ ꯕꯤꯖꯤꯅꯦꯁ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯍꯧꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯸] [꯱꯵] ꯃꯗꯨꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯇꯦꯛꯁꯥꯁ ꯔꯥꯖ꯭ꯌꯒꯤ ꯀꯟꯠꯔꯦꯀꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯕꯤꯗ ꯇꯧꯅꯕꯥ ꯚꯦꯟꯗꯔ ꯂꯥꯏꯁꯦꯟꯁꯀꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯑꯦꯞꯂꯥꯏ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ, ꯀꯝꯞꯌꯨꯇꯔ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯔ ꯑꯃꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯚꯔꯍꯦꯗ ꯂꯩꯇꯕꯅꯥ ꯕꯤꯗꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯥꯏ ꯄꯥꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯱꯶] [꯱꯷]

꯱꯹꯸꯴ꯒꯤ ꯖꯅꯨꯋꯥꯔꯤꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯊꯥꯖꯕꯥ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯕꯦꯉ꯭ꯛ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ ꯃꯗꯨꯗꯤ ꯄꯤ.ꯁꯤ.ꯁꯤꯡ ꯍꯛꯊꯦꯡꯅꯅꯥ ꯌꯣꯜꯂꯤꯕꯥ ꯃꯦꯟꯌꯨꯐꯦꯀꯆꯔꯔ ꯑꯃꯅꯥ ꯀꯟꯚꯦꯟꯁꯅꯦꯜ ꯏꯟꯗꯔꯦꯛꯇ ꯔꯤꯇꯦꯜ ꯆꯦꯅꯦꯂꯗꯒꯤ ꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯆꯥꯎꯕꯥ ꯀꯥꯟꯅꯕꯥ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯂꯩ ꯫ ꯱꯹꯸꯴ꯒꯤ ꯖꯅꯨꯋꯥꯔꯤꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤ ꯑꯁꯤ "ꯄꯤ.ꯁꯤ.ꯒꯤ ꯂꯤꯃꯤꯇꯦꯗ" ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯔꯦꯖꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯔ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯀꯟꯗꯣꯃꯤꯅꯤꯌꯝ ꯑꯃꯗꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯄꯔꯦꯠ ꯇꯧꯗꯨꯅꯥ, ꯕꯤꯖꯤꯅꯦꯁ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯗꯣꯂꯔ ꯵꯰,꯰꯰꯰ꯗꯒꯤ ꯸꯰,꯰꯰꯰ ꯐꯥꯑꯣꯕꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯄꯤ.ꯁꯤ.ꯒꯤ ꯑꯄꯒ꯭ꯔꯦꯗꯁꯤꯡ, ꯀꯤꯠꯁꯤꯡ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯑꯦꯗ-ꯑꯣꯟ ꯀꯝꯄꯣꯅꯦꯟꯇꯁꯤꯡ ꯌꯣꯜꯂꯝꯃꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯦ ꯊꯥꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤ ꯑꯁꯤꯕꯨ "ꯗꯦꯜ ꯀꯝꯞꯌꯨꯇꯔ ꯀꯣꯔꯄꯣꯔꯦꯁꯟ" ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯤꯡꯈꯠꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯅꯣꯔꯊ ꯑꯣꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯅꯒꯤ ꯕꯤꯖꯤꯅꯦꯁ ꯁꯦꯟꯇꯔ ꯑꯃꯗꯥ ꯍꯣꯡꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯑꯣꯔꯗꯔ ꯂꯧꯕꯥ ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯈꯔꯕꯨ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ, ꯑꯣꯔꯗꯔꯁꯤꯡ ꯃꯄꯨꯡ ꯐꯥꯍꯟꯅꯕꯥ ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯈꯔꯁꯨ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯅꯤꯡꯁꯤꯡꯂꯀꯄꯒꯨꯝꯅꯥ "ꯐꯨꯠ ꯶ꯀꯤ ꯇꯦꯕꯂꯗꯥ ꯐꯝꯂꯤꯕꯥ ꯁ꯭ꯛꯔꯨ ꯗ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯚꯔ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯑꯍꯨꯝ" ꯌꯥꯎꯕꯥ ꯃꯦꯟꯌꯨꯐꯦꯀꯆꯔꯤꯡ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯥꯐ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯚꯦꯟꯆꯔ ꯑꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯀꯦꯄꯤꯇꯦꯂꯥꯏꯖꯦꯁꯅꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯜ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯱꯰꯰꯰ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯱꯸] [꯱꯹]

꯱꯹꯹꯲ꯗꯥ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯲꯷ ꯁꯨꯔꯛꯄꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯐꯣꯔꯆꯨꯟ ꯃꯦꯒꯥꯖꯤꯅꯒꯤ ꯃꯀꯣꯛ ꯊꯣꯡꯕꯥ ꯀꯣꯔꯄꯣꯔꯦꯁꯟ ꯵꯰꯰ꯒꯤ ꯂꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯇꯥ ꯌꯥꯑꯣꯈꯤꯕꯥ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤ ꯑꯃꯒꯤ ꯈ꯭ꯕꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯅꯍꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯁꯤ.ꯏ.ꯑꯣ. [꯲꯰] ꯱꯹꯹꯶ꯇꯥ ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯋꯦꯕꯀꯤ ꯈꯨꯠꯊꯥꯡꯗꯥ ꯀꯝꯞꯌꯨꯇꯔ ꯌꯣꯟꯕꯥ ꯍꯧꯈꯤ, ꯆꯍꯤ ꯑꯗꯨꯃꯛꯇꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤꯅꯥ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕꯥ ꯁꯔꯚꯔ ꯍꯧꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯊꯨꯕꯥ ꯃꯇꯝꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯏꯟꯛ  ꯅꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ.ꯀꯃꯗꯒꯤ ꯅꯣꯡꯃꯗꯥ ꯆꯥꯎꯔꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯱ ꯌꯣꯟꯕꯒꯤ ꯔꯤꯄꯣꯔꯠ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯲꯱] ꯲꯰꯰꯱ꯒꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕꯥ ꯁꯔꯨꯛꯇ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯏꯟꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯥꯂꯦꯝꯒꯤ ꯀꯩꯊꯦꯜꯒꯤ ꯁꯔꯨꯛ ꯆꯥꯗꯥ ꯱꯲.꯸ ꯌꯧꯈꯤ, ꯃꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯀꯝꯄꯥꯀꯄꯨ ꯃꯥꯏꯊꯤꯕꯥ ꯄꯤꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯃꯥꯂꯦꯝꯒꯤ ꯈ꯭ꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯎꯕꯥ ꯄꯤ.ꯁꯤ. ꯃꯦꯠꯔꯤꯛ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯃꯃꯥꯡꯒꯤ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯷ꯀꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯔꯦꯡꯀꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯍꯣꯡꯗꯣꯀꯈꯤꯕꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯗꯦꯁ꯭ꯀꯇꯣꯞ, ꯅꯣꯇꯕꯨꯛ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯔꯚꯔꯒꯤ ꯑꯄꯨꯅꯕꯥ ꯁꯤꯄꯃꯦꯟꯇꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯥꯂꯦꯝ ꯁꯤꯅꯕꯥ ꯊꯨꯡꯅꯥ ꯆꯥꯗꯥ ꯳꯴.꯳ ꯍꯦꯟꯒꯠꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯀꯝꯄꯤꯇꯤꯇꯔꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯌꯣꯟꯕꯥ ꯍꯟꯊꯔꯛꯄꯥ ꯃꯇꯝꯗꯥ ꯑꯃꯦꯔꯤꯀꯥꯗꯥ ꯆꯥꯗꯥ ꯳꯰.꯷ ꯍꯦꯟꯒꯠꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯲꯲]

꯱꯹꯹꯸ꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯏꯃꯨꯡ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯒꯤ ꯁꯦꯜ ꯊꯥꯗꯕꯁꯤꯡ ꯃꯦꯅꯦꯖ ꯇꯧꯟꯕꯥ ꯑꯦꯝ.ꯑꯦꯁ.ꯗꯤ.ꯀꯦꯄꯤꯇꯦꯜ ꯑꯦꯜ.ꯄꯤ. ꯁꯦꯜ ꯊꯥꯗꯕꯒꯤ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯊꯧꯔꯝꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯤꯌꯥꯝꯅꯥ ꯂꯂꯣꯟ-ꯏꯇꯤꯛ ꯇꯧꯕꯥ ꯁꯦꯛꯌꯨꯔꯤꯇꯤꯁꯤꯡ, ꯄ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯕꯦꯠ ꯏꯛꯕꯤꯇꯤꯒꯤ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯊꯧꯔꯝꯁꯤꯡ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯔꯤꯑꯦꯜ ꯏꯁ꯭ꯇꯦꯠ ꯌꯥꯎꯔꯤ ꯫ ꯐꯔꯝ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯸꯰ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯄꯤꯔꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯅ꯭ꯌꯨ ꯌꯣꯔꯛ, ꯁꯥꯟꯇꯥ ꯃꯣꯅꯤꯀꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯂꯟꯗꯟꯗꯥ ꯑꯣꯐꯤꯁꯁꯤꯡ ꯂꯩꯔꯤ꯫ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯃꯁꯥꯃꯛ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ ꯈꯨꯗꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯄꯔꯦꯁꯅꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯁꯔꯨꯛ ꯌꯥꯗꯦ ꯫ [꯲꯳] ꯃꯥꯔꯆ ꯴, ꯲꯰꯰꯴ꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯁꯤ.ꯏ.ꯑꯣ.ꯒꯤ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯊꯥꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤ, ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯏꯟꯀꯀꯤ ꯕꯣꯔꯗꯀꯤ ꯆꯦꯌꯔꯃꯦꯟ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯩꯈꯤ, ꯑꯗꯨꯒꯥ ꯃꯇꯝ ꯑꯗꯨꯒꯤ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯁꯤꯗꯦꯟꯇ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯤ.ꯑꯣ.ꯑꯣ . ꯲꯰꯰꯷ꯒꯤ ꯖꯅꯨꯋꯥꯔꯤ ꯳꯱ꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯕꯣꯔꯗꯀꯤ ꯑꯄꯥꯝꯕꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡ ꯏꯟꯅꯥ ꯁꯤ.ꯏ.ꯑꯣ.

꯲꯰꯱꯳ꯗꯥ ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯁꯤꯂꯚꯥꯔ ꯂꯦꯛ ꯄꯥꯔꯇꯅꯔꯁ, ꯃꯥꯏꯛꯔꯣꯁꯣꯐꯠ, ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯂꯂꯣꯟꯕꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯀꯟꯁꯣꯔꯇꯤꯌꯝ ꯑꯃꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯦꯡꯅꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ, ꯏꯅꯀꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯄ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯕꯦꯠ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯧꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯌꯥꯅꯆꯦ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯲꯵ꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯜ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯄꯥꯏꯈꯠꯄꯥ ꯃꯇꯝꯗꯥ ꯈꯨꯗꯣꯡꯆꯥꯗꯕꯥ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯃꯥꯌꯣꯛꯅꯈꯤ ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯄꯥꯎꯗꯝꯂꯤ ꯫ ꯅꯣꯠ ꯇꯧꯔꯕꯥ ꯔꯦꯖꯤꯁ꯭ꯇꯦꯟꯁ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯀꯥꯔꯜ ꯏꯀꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯥꯛꯈꯤ, ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯊꯥ ꯀꯌꯥꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯈꯣꯡꯊꯥꯡ ꯊꯥꯡꯖꯤꯜꯂꯛꯈꯤ꯫ ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯂꯅꯥꯏ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤ ꯑꯁꯤꯗꯥ ꯷꯵%ꯒꯤ ꯁꯔꯨꯛ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯐꯪꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯲꯴]

꯲꯰꯱꯵ꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯛꯇꯣꯕꯔ ꯱꯲ꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯏꯟꯛꯅꯥ ꯑꯦꯟꯇꯔꯞꯔꯥꯏꯖ ꯁꯣꯐꯋꯦꯌꯔ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯔꯦꯖ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤ ꯏ.ꯑꯦꯝ.ꯁꯤ . ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯶꯷ꯇꯥ ꯃꯁꯤꯕꯨ “ꯄꯨꯋꯥꯔꯤꯗꯥ ꯈ꯭ꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯡꯕꯥ ꯚꯦꯜꯌꯨ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯇꯦꯛꯅꯣꯂꯣꯖꯤ ꯑꯦꯛꯕꯤꯖꯤꯁꯟ” ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯦꯕꯦꯜ ꯇꯧꯈ꯭ꯔꯦ꯫ [꯲꯵] [꯲꯶] ꯑꯦꯛꯀ꯭ꯖꯤꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯁꯦꯞꯇꯦꯝꯕꯔ ꯷, ꯲꯰꯱꯶ꯇꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯁꯤꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯲꯷]

ꯄꯦꯅꯥꯜꯇꯤ ꯄꯤꯕꯥ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯖꯨꯂꯥꯏ ꯲꯰꯱꯰ꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯏꯟꯛꯅꯥ ꯏꯟꯇꯦꯜ ꯀꯣꯔꯄꯣꯔꯦꯁꯅꯗꯒꯤ ꯐꯣꯡꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤꯗꯕꯥ ꯄꯦꯃꯦꯟꯇꯁꯤꯡꯒꯥ ꯃꯔꯤ ꯂꯩꯅꯅꯥ ꯐꯣꯡꯗꯣꯛꯄꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯑꯦꯀꯥꯎꯟꯇꯤꯡ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯣꯗꯀꯤ ꯑꯦꯁ.ꯏ.ꯁꯤ.ꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯔꯖꯁꯤꯡ [꯲꯸] ꯂꯣꯏꯁꯤꯟꯅꯕꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯱꯰꯰ꯒꯤ ꯄꯦꯅꯥꯜꯇꯤ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯄꯤꯅꯕꯥ ꯌꯥꯅꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯍꯥꯟꯅꯒꯤ ꯁꯤ.ꯏ.ꯑꯣ.ꯀꯦꯚꯤꯟ ꯔꯣꯂꯤꯟꯁꯅꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯴ ꯑꯃꯃꯝ ꯄꯤꯅꯕꯥ ꯌꯥꯅꯈꯤ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯍꯥꯟꯅꯒꯤ ꯁꯤ.ꯑꯦꯐ.ꯑꯣ. ꯫ [꯲꯸]

ꯊꯥꯒꯠꯄꯥ ꯐꯣꯡꯗꯣꯀꯆꯔꯤ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯗꯦꯂꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛꯇꯥ ꯑꯦꯀꯣꯂꯣꯗꯦꯗꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯏꯅꯛ ꯃꯦꯒꯥꯖꯤꯅꯗꯒꯤ "ꯆꯍꯤꯒꯤ ꯑꯣꯟꯠꯔꯞꯔꯤꯅꯔ" (ꯆꯍꯤ ꯲꯴ꯗꯥ); ꯋꯔꯗ ꯃꯦꯒꯥꯖꯤꯅꯗꯒꯤ "ꯑꯃꯦꯔꯤꯀꯥꯟ ꯕꯤꯖꯅꯦꯁꯇꯥ ꯃꯀꯣꯛ ꯊꯣꯡꯕꯥ ꯁꯤ.ꯏ.ꯑꯣ"; ꯐꯥꯏꯅꯥꯟꯁꯤꯑꯦꯜ ꯋꯥꯔꯜꯗ, ꯏꯟꯗꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯤ ꯋꯤꯛ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯆꯤꯐ ꯑꯦꯒꯖꯤꯛꯌꯨꯇꯤꯕ ꯃꯦꯒꯥꯖꯤꯅꯁꯤꯡꯗꯒꯤ "ꯆꯍꯤꯒꯤ ꯁꯤ.ꯏ.ꯑꯣ." ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯱꯹꯹꯸ꯗꯥ ꯑꯃꯦꯔꯤꯀꯥꯟ ꯑꯦꯀꯥꯗꯦꯃꯤ ꯑꯣꯐ ꯑꯦꯆꯤꯚꯃꯦꯟꯇꯀꯤ ꯒꯣꯜꯗꯟ ꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ ꯑꯦꯋꯥꯔꯗ [꯲꯹] ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯲꯰꯱꯳ꯗꯥ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯥꯉ꯭ꯀꯂꯤꯟ ꯏꯟꯁꯇꯤꯠꯌꯨꯠꯀꯤ ꯕꯣꯋꯔ ꯑꯦꯋꯥꯔꯗ ꯐꯣꯔ ꯕꯤꯖꯤꯅꯦꯁ ꯂꯤꯗꯔꯁꯤꯄꯁꯨ ꯐꯪꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯳꯰]

ꯑꯦꯐꯤꯂꯤꯌꯦꯁꯟꯁꯤꯡ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯏꯟꯇꯔꯅꯦꯁ꯭ꯅꯦꯜ ꯕꯤꯖꯤꯅꯦꯁ ꯀꯥꯎꯟꯁꯤꯜ, ꯌꯨ.ꯑꯦꯁ.ꯀꯤ ꯕꯤꯖꯤꯅꯦꯁ ꯀꯥꯎꯟꯁꯤꯜꯒꯤ ꯑꯦꯀꯖꯤꯛꯌꯨꯇꯤꯕ ꯀꯝꯃꯤꯇꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯜꯗ ꯏꯀꯣꯅꯣꯃꯤꯛ ꯐꯣꯔꯃꯒꯤ ꯐꯥꯎꯟꯗꯦꯁꯟ ꯕꯣꯔꯗꯇꯥ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯇꯧꯔꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯃꯃꯥꯡꯗꯥ ꯌꯨ.ꯑꯦꯁ.ꯀꯤ ꯔꯥꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯄꯇꯤꯒꯤ ꯀꯥꯎꯟꯁꯤꯜ ꯑꯣꯐ ꯑꯦꯗꯚꯥꯏꯖꯔꯁ ꯑꯣꯟ ꯁꯥꯏꯟꯁ ꯑꯦꯟꯗ ꯇꯦꯛꯅꯣꯂꯣꯖꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯦꯝꯕꯔ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯇꯧꯔꯝꯃꯤ ꯫ [꯳꯱]

꯲꯰꯲꯰ꯒꯤ ꯑꯦꯞꯔꯤꯂꯗꯥ ꯒꯕꯔꯅꯔ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯦꯒ ꯑꯦꯕꯣꯠꯅꯥ ꯗꯦꯂꯕꯨ ꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯥꯏꯛ ꯐꯣꯔꯁ ꯇꯨ ꯑꯣꯄꯦꯟ ꯇꯦꯛꯁꯁꯇꯥ ꯃꯤꯡ ꯆꯟꯈꯤ – ꯀꯣꯕꯤꯗ-꯱꯹ ꯂꯥꯏꯆꯠꯀꯤ ꯃꯇꯃꯗꯥ “ꯔꯥꯖ꯭ꯌ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯇꯞꯅꯥ ꯇꯞꯅꯥ ꯑꯃꯨꯛ ꯍꯟꯅꯥ ꯍꯥꯡꯗꯣꯛꯅꯕꯥ ꯁꯥꯐꯕꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯏꯐꯦꯛꯇꯤꯕ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯄꯥꯝꯕꯩꯁꯤꯡ ꯊꯤꯕꯒꯤ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯄꯤꯈꯤꯕꯥ” ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯨꯞ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫ [꯳꯲]

ꯑꯏꯕ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

꯱꯹꯹꯹ꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯂꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯏꯔꯤꯛ, ꯗꯥꯏꯔꯦꯛꯇ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯝ ꯗꯦꯜ: ꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯦꯇꯦꯖꯤꯖ ꯊ꯭ꯌꯥꯠ ꯔꯤꯚꯣꯂꯨꯁꯅꯏꯖꯗ ꯑꯦꯟ ꯏꯟꯗꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯤ ( ꯍꯥꯔꯄꯔꯕꯤꯖꯤꯅꯦꯁꯅꯥ ꯏꯕꯥ) ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕꯥ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤ, ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯀꯝꯄꯦꯅꯤ ꯂꯤꯡꯈꯠꯈꯤꯕꯥ, ꯆꯥꯎꯈꯠꯂꯛꯄꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯈꯣꯡꯊꯥꯡꯁꯤꯡ ꯂꯧꯈꯠꯈꯤꯕꯁꯤꯡꯒꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅꯥ ꯇꯝꯈꯤꯕꯥ ꯂꯧꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯑꯦꯀꯥꯎꯟꯠ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ꯫ ꯂꯥꯏꯔꯤꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯀꯦꯊꯔꯤꯟ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯦꯗꯃꯦꯅꯒꯥ ꯈꯨꯠꯁꯝꯅꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯏꯈꯤꯕꯅꯤ ꯫ [꯳꯳]

ꯗꯦꯜꯒꯤ ꯑꯅꯤꯁꯨꯕꯥ ꯂꯥꯏꯔꯤꯛ, ꯄ꯭ꯂꯦ ꯅꯥꯏꯁ ꯕꯠ ꯋꯤꯟ: ꯑꯦ ꯁꯤ.ꯏ.ꯑꯣ.ꯁ ꯖꯔꯅꯤ ꯐ꯭ꯔꯝ ꯐꯥꯎꯟꯗꯔ ꯇꯨ ꯂꯤꯗꯔ (ꯄꯣꯔꯇꯐꯣꯂꯤꯑꯣꯅꯥ) ꯑꯁꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯀꯄꯨ ꯂꯨꯆꯤꯡꯕ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯐꯣꯡꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤꯕꯥ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯅꯐꯃꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯤ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯂꯥꯏꯔꯤꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯖꯦꯃꯁ ꯀꯞꯂꯥꯅꯒꯥ ꯈꯨꯠꯁꯝꯅꯗꯨꯅꯥ ꯏꯈꯤꯕꯅꯤ ꯫ [꯳꯴]

ꯂꯟ ꯊꯨꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯐꯣꯔꯕꯦꯁꯅꯥ as of April 2021 ꯗꯦꯂꯒꯤ ꯅꯦꯠ ꯋꯔꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯗꯣꯂꯔ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯵꯰.꯴ ꯑꯣꯏꯒꯅꯤ ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯄꯥꯅꯔꯤ ꯫ [꯳꯵]

꯲꯰꯱꯸ꯒꯤ ꯐꯦꯕ꯭ꯔꯨꯋꯥꯔꯤꯗꯥ ꯲꯰꯱꯴ꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯃꯦꯅꯍꯥꯠꯇꯅꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯅ꯵꯷ ꯄꯦꯟꯇꯍꯥꯎꯁꯀꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯱꯰꯰.꯵ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ ꯍꯥꯏꯅꯥ ꯄꯥꯎꯗꯝꯈꯤ, ꯃꯗꯨ ꯃꯇꯝ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯁꯍꯔ ꯑꯁꯤꯗꯥ ꯌꯣꯟꯕꯥ ꯈ꯭ꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯜ ꯌꯥꯝꯂꯕꯥ ꯌꯨꯝꯒꯤ ꯔꯦꯀꯣꯔꯗ ꯑꯣꯏꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯳꯶]

ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯄꯨꯟꯁꯤ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯑꯣꯛꯇꯣꯕꯔ ꯲꯸, ꯱꯹꯸꯹ ꯗꯥ ꯇꯦꯛꯁꯁꯀꯤ ꯑꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯟꯗꯥ ꯁꯨꯁꯥꯟ ꯂꯤꯕꯔꯃꯦꯟꯒꯥ ꯂꯨꯍꯣꯡꯈꯤ ; ꯃꯄꯨꯔꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯃꯈꯣꯏꯒꯤ ꯃꯆꯥ ꯃꯔꯤꯒꯥ ꯂꯣꯏꯅꯅꯥ ꯃꯐꯝ ꯑꯗꯨꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯔꯤ ꯫ [꯳꯷] [꯳꯸] [꯳꯹]

ꯃꯤꯌꯥꯝꯗ ꯃꯇꯦꯡ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

꯱꯹꯹꯹ꯗꯥ ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯨꯁꯥꯟ ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯨꯁꯥꯟ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯐꯥꯎꯟꯗꯦꯁꯟ ꯂꯤꯡꯈꯠꯈꯤ, ꯃꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯑꯇꯣꯞꯄꯥ ꯃꯔꯃꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯇꯁꯤꯡ, ꯁꯍꯔꯒꯤ ꯃꯍꯩ-ꯃꯁꯤꯡ, ꯑꯉꯥꯡꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯍꯛꯁꯦꯜ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯏꯃꯨꯡꯒꯤ ꯁꯦꯟꯃꯤꯠꯂꯣꯟꯒꯤ ꯇꯪꯗꯨ ꯂꯩꯇꯥꯕꯗꯥ ꯃꯤꯠꯌꯦꯡ ꯊꯝꯂꯤ ꯫ ꯲꯰꯰꯶ꯇꯥ ꯐꯥꯎꯟꯗꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯇꯦꯛꯁꯁ ꯌꯨꯅꯤꯚꯔꯁꯤꯇꯤꯒꯥ ꯃꯔꯤ ꯂꯩꯅꯕꯥ ꯍꯀꯁꯦꯂꯒꯥ ꯃꯔꯤ ꯂꯩꯅꯕꯥ ꯑꯣꯔꯒꯅꯥꯏꯖꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯍꯨꯝꯗꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯵꯰ꯒꯤ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯥꯟꯇ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ: ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯑꯦꯟꯗ ꯁꯨꯁꯥꯟ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯁꯦꯟꯇꯔ ꯐꯣꯔ ꯑꯦꯗꯚꯥꯟꯁꯃꯦꯟꯇ ꯑꯣꯐ ꯍꯦꯜꯊꯤ ꯂꯤꯚꯤꯡ, ꯗꯦꯜ ꯆꯦꯜꯂꯤꯡ ꯃꯦꯗꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯁꯦꯟꯇꯔꯒꯤ ꯃꯄꯨꯡ ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯥ ꯁꯔꯨꯛ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯄꯦꯗꯤꯑꯦꯠꯔꯤꯛ ꯔꯤꯁꯔꯆ ꯏꯟꯁꯇꯤꯠꯌꯨꯠ, ꯃꯁꯤꯗꯁꯨ ꯅꯠꯇꯅꯥ꯫ ꯑꯣꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯟ ꯀꯦꯝꯄꯁꯇꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯇꯦꯛꯁꯁ ꯌꯨꯅꯤꯚꯔꯁꯤꯇꯤꯗꯥ ꯑꯅꯧꯕꯥ ꯀꯝꯞꯌꯨꯇꯔ ꯁꯥꯏꯟꯁ ꯕꯤꯜꯗꯤꯡ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯁꯥꯅꯕꯥ ꯐꯟꯗ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯴꯰] ꯲꯰꯱꯳ꯗꯥ ꯐꯥꯎꯟꯗꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯑꯣꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯅꯒꯤ ꯇꯦꯛꯁꯁ ꯌꯨꯅꯤꯚꯔꯁꯤꯇꯤꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯃꯦꯗꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯁ꯭ꯀꯨꯜ ꯂꯤꯡꯈꯠꯅꯕꯥ ꯑꯍꯦꯅꯕꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯵꯰ꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯁꯛ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ꯫ [꯴꯱] ꯱꯹꯹꯹ꯗꯒꯤ ꯑꯦꯝ.ꯑꯦꯁ.ꯗꯤ.ꯑꯦꯐ.ꯅꯥ ꯌꯨ.ꯑꯦꯁ., ꯚꯥꯔꯠ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯈꯥ ꯑꯐ꯭ꯔꯤꯀꯥꯒꯤ ꯅꯟ-ꯄ꯭ꯔꯣꯐꯤꯠ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯣꯁꯤꯑꯦꯜ ꯏꯟꯇꯔꯞꯔꯥꯏꯖꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯱.꯲꯳ ꯄꯤꯈ꯭ꯔꯦ꯫ [꯴꯲] ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯑꯣꯁ꯭ꯇꯤꯅꯒꯤ ꯅꯣꯔꯊꯋꯦꯁ꯭ꯠ ꯍꯤꯂꯁ ꯌꯨꯝꯊꯣꯡꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯖꯨꯗꯤꯁꯤꯌꯔꯤ ꯀꯝꯝꯌꯨꯅꯤꯇꯤ ꯀꯦꯝꯄꯁ ꯂꯤꯡꯈꯠꯄꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯁꯨ ꯂꯩꯔꯤ ꯫ [꯴꯳]

꯲꯰꯱꯱ ꯐꯥꯑꯣꯕꯗꯥ ꯐꯥꯎꯟꯗꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯑꯃꯦꯔꯤꯀꯥ, ꯚꯥꯔꯠ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯈꯥ ꯑꯐ꯭ꯔꯤꯀꯥꯗꯥ ꯑꯉꯥꯡꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯐꯝꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯈꯨꯟꯅꯥꯏꯒꯤ ꯊꯧꯔꯥꯡꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯶꯵꯰ ꯍꯦꯟꯅꯥ ꯀꯝꯃꯤꯠꯃꯦꯟꯇ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯴꯴] ꯉꯁꯤ ꯐꯥꯎꯟꯗꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯦꯅꯦꯖꯃꯦꯟꯇꯀꯤ ꯃꯈꯥꯗꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯴꯶꯶ ꯍꯦꯟꯅꯥ ꯑꯦꯁꯦꯠ ꯂꯩꯔꯤ ꯫ [꯴꯵]

꯲꯰꯰꯲ꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜꯅꯥ ꯑꯥꯌꯔꯂꯦꯟꯗ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯐꯝ ꯑꯗꯨꯒꯤ ꯃꯤꯌꯥꯝꯗꯥ ꯁꯦꯜ ꯊꯥꯗꯈꯤꯕꯥ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯃꯍꯩ-ꯃꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯊꯧꯔꯥꯡꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯄꯥꯡꯕꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯏꯀꯥꯏ ꯈꯨꯝꯅꯕꯥ ꯎꯠꯄꯥ ꯑꯣꯏꯅꯥ ꯂꯤꯃꯦꯔꯤꯛ ꯌꯨꯅꯤꯚꯔꯁꯤꯇꯤꯗꯒꯤ ꯏꯀꯣꯅꯣꯃꯤꯛ ꯁꯥꯏꯟꯁꯇꯥ ꯑꯣꯅꯔꯦꯔꯤ ꯗꯣꯛꯇꯔꯦꯠ ꯑꯃꯥ ꯐꯪꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯴꯶]

꯲꯰꯱꯲ꯗꯥ ꯃꯥꯏꯀꯦꯜ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯁꯨꯁꯥꯟ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯐꯥꯎꯟꯗꯦꯁꯟꯅꯥ ꯃꯦꯗꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯑꯦꯖꯨꯀꯦꯁꯅꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯵꯰ ꯀꯃꯤꯠ ꯇꯧꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯃꯦꯗꯤꯀꯦꯜ ꯁ꯭ꯀꯨꯂꯅꯥ ꯲꯰꯱꯶ꯇꯥ ꯃꯍꯩꯔꯣꯏꯁꯤꯡ ꯃꯤꯡ ꯆꯅꯕꯥ ꯍꯧꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯴꯷]

꯲꯰꯱꯴ꯗꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅꯥ ꯏꯖꯔꯦꯜ ꯗꯤꯐꯦꯟꯁ ꯐꯣꯔꯁꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯔꯨꯞꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯱.꯸ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯴꯸]

꯲꯰꯱꯷ꯇꯥ ꯍꯔꯤꯀꯦꯟ ꯍꯥꯔꯚꯦꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗꯥ ꯍꯧꯁ꯭ꯇꯣꯟꯗꯥ ꯂꯩꯕꯥ ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯔꯤꯂꯤꯐꯀꯤ ꯊꯕꯀꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯃꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯳꯶ ꯋꯥꯁꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯴꯹]

꯲꯰꯱꯷ꯀꯤ ꯃꯦ ꯊꯥꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯂꯅꯥ ꯑꯉꯥꯡꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯌꯔꯕꯗꯥ ꯃꯤꯠꯌꯦꯡ ꯊꯝꯕꯥ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯐꯥꯎꯟꯗꯦꯁꯟꯗꯥ ꯗꯣꯜꯂꯔ ꯕꯤꯂꯤꯌꯟ ꯱ ꯄꯤꯈꯤ; ꯃꯁꯤꯅꯥ ꯏꯝꯄꯦꯛꯇ ꯏꯅꯚꯦꯁ꯭ꯇꯃꯦꯟꯇ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯆꯦꯔꯤꯇꯦꯕꯜ ꯗꯣꯅꯦꯁꯟ ꯑꯅꯤꯃꯛ ꯇꯧꯏ ꯫

꯲꯰꯱꯸ꯗꯥ ꯗꯦꯜ ꯇꯦꯛꯅꯣꯂꯣꯖꯤꯁꯤꯡ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯔꯨꯕꯥ ꯁꯦꯜ-ꯊꯨꯃꯒꯤ ꯔꯤꯁ꯭ꯠꯔꯀꯆꯔ ꯑꯃꯒꯤ ꯈꯨꯠꯊꯥꯡꯗꯥ ꯃꯤꯌꯥꯃꯒꯤ ꯀꯩꯊꯦꯂꯁꯤꯡꯗꯥ ꯍꯜꯂꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ [꯵꯰]

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

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  3. Brown, Joshua (2011-03-20). Michael Dell's Very Big Stock Purchase. The Reformed Broker.
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  5. Guglielmo꯫ "Dell Officially Goes Private: Inside The Nastiest Tech Buyout Ever"꯫ October 30, 2013 ꯫ 
  6. "Dell returns to market with NYSE listing"꯫ 2018-12-28 ꯫ 
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  14. First financial statement for @Dell. The one I used to convince my parents that it was OK for me to not go back to collegepic.twitter.com/kKuGDsyvYZ (17 March 2018).
  15. Kirk Ladendorf. "Dell remembers his beginning while looking toward the future" Austin American-Statesman. November 27, 2011, pp. E1, E2.
  16. Direct from Dell: Strategies that Revolutionized an Industry. 
  17. UT's famed high-rise dorm where Dell launched to get $4 million makeover (2014-04-29).
  18. Direct from Dell: Strategies that Revolutionized an Industry. 
  19. "Dell founder passes torch to new CEO"꯫ March 4, 2004 ꯫ 
  20. Michael Dell (June 8, 2008).
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  22. Dell beats Compaq for No. 1 ranking (April 1, 2001).
  23. MSD Capital – About Us.
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  25. "Dell agrees $67bn EMC takeover"꯫ 2015-10-12 ꯫ 
  26. "Dell to Buy EMC in Deal Worth About $67 Billion"꯫ 2015-10-12 ꯫ 
  27. Historic Dell and EMC Merger Complete; Forms World's Largest Privately-Controlled Tech Company | Business Wire (September 7, 2016).
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  29. Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement. American Academy of Achievement.
  30. MICHAEL S. DELL. Franklin Institute.
  31. Michael Dell.
  32. These are the experts, leaders working with Gov. Abbott's strike force to reopen Texas (in en-US) (April 17, 2020).
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  34. Reading recommendations: Paul Polman and Michael Dell have new books out.
  35. The real-time billionaires list.
  36. "Michael Dell Paid a Record $100.47 Million for Manhattan's One57 Penthouse" ꯫ 
  37. Fishman꯫ Charles꯫ "Face Time With Michael Dell" (in en-US)꯫ Fast Company꯫ 2001-02-28 ꯫ 
  38. Schwinn꯫ Elizabeth꯫ "A Focus on Efficiency"꯫ The Chronicle of Philanthropy꯫ 2006-04-06 ꯫ 
  39. COLLOFF꯫ PAMELA꯫ "Suddenly Susan" (in en-US)꯫ Texas Monthly꯫ 2000-07-31 ꯫ 
  40. Foundation, Michael & Susan Dell. Michael & Susan Dell Foundation Grants $50 Million to University of Texas to Bring Excellence in Children's Health and Education to Austin (in en).
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  42. Michael & Susan Dell Foundation (in en-US).
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  44. Foundation, Michael & Susan Dell. Michael & Susan Dell Foundation Applauds the First Lady's 'Let's Move!' Campaign to End Childhood Obesity.
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  47. Ralph K.M. Haurwitz꯫ "Dell family foundation to donate $60 million for UT medical school, local health care"꯫ January 30, 2013 ꯫ 
  48. "Hollywood gala raises a record $33 million for IDF" ꯫ 
  49. "Tech billionaire Michael Dell pledges $36 million to Harvey relief efforts" ꯫ 
  50. Forbes꯫ Forbes꯫ "Forbes" ꯫