ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ

ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Sun Sun symbol.svg
Sun white.jpg
Sun with sunspots and limb darkening as seen in visible light with solar filter.
Observation data
Mean distance
from Earth
1 au1.496×108 ꯀꯤm
8 min 19 s at light speed
Visual brightness (V)−26.74[꯱]
Absolute magnitude4.83[꯱]
Spectral classificationG2V[꯲]
MetallicityZ = 0.0122[꯳]
Angular size31.6–32.7 minutes of arc[꯴]
AdjectivesSolar
Orbital characteristics
Mean distance
from Milky Way core
≈ 2.7×1017 ꯀꯤm
27,200 light-years
Galactic period(2.25–2.50)ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:E yr
Velocity≈ 220 km/s (orbit around the center of the Milky Way)
≈ 20 km/s (relative to average velocity of other stars in stellar neighborhood)
≈ 370 km/s[꯵] (relative to the cosmic microwave background)
Physical characteristics
Equatorial radius695,700 km,[꯶]
696,392 km[꯷]
109 × Earth[꯸]
Equatorial circumference4.379×106 ꯀꯤm[꯸]
109 × Earth[꯸]
Flattening9×10−6
Surface area6.09×1012 km2[꯸]
12,000 × Earth[꯸]
Volume1.41×1018 km3[꯸]
1,300,000 × Earth
Mass1.9885×1030 ꯀꯤg[꯱]
333,000 × Earth[꯱]
Average density1.408 g/cm3[꯱][꯸][꯹]
0.255 × Earth[꯱][꯸]
Center density (modeled)162.2 g/cm3[꯱]
12.4 × Earth
Equatorial surface gravity274 m/s2[꯱]
28 × Earth[꯸]
Moment of inertia factor0.070[꯱] (estimate)
Escape velocity
(from the surface)
617.7 km/s[꯸]
55 × Earth[꯸]
TemperatureCenter (modeled): 1.57×107 K[꯱]
Photosphere (effective): 5,772 K[꯱]
Corona: ≈ 5×106 K
Luminosity (Lsol)3.828×1026 W[꯱]
≈ 3.75×1028 lm
≈ 98 lm/W efficacy
Mean radiance (Isol)2.009×107 W·m−2·sr−1
Age≈ 4.6 billion years[꯱꯰][꯱꯱]
Rotation characteristics
Obliquity7.25°[꯱]
(to the ecliptic)
67.23°
(to the galactic plane)
Right ascension
of North pole[꯱꯲]
286.13°
19 h 4 min 30 s
Declination
of North pole
+63.87°
63° 52' North
Sidereal rotation period
(at equator)
25.05 d[꯱]
(at 16° latitude)25.38 d[꯱]
25 d 9 h 7 min 12 s[꯱꯲]
(at poles)34.4 d[꯱]
Rotation velocity
(at equator)
7.189×103 km/h[꯸]
Photospheric composition (by mass)
Hydrogen73.46%[꯱꯳]
Helium24.85%
Oxygen0.77%
Carbon0.29%
Iron0.16%
Neon0.12%
Nitrogen0.09%
Silicon0.07%
Magnesium0.05%
Sulfur0.04%


ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ (ꯑꯔꯤꯕ ꯃꯤꯇꯩꯂꯣꯟ: ꯀꯣꯏꯂꯧ) ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯁꯤ ꯃꯥꯂꯦꯝ ꯑꯄꯛꯉꯥꯗꯒꯤ ꯈꯨꯋꯥꯏ ꯅꯛꯄ ꯊꯧꯋꯥꯏꯃꯤꯆꯥꯛ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫

[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝꯁꯤꯡ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

  1. ꯱.꯰꯰ ꯱.꯰꯱ ꯱.꯰꯲ ꯱.꯰꯳ ꯱.꯰꯴ ꯱.꯰꯵ ꯱.꯰꯶ ꯱.꯰꯷ ꯱.꯰꯸ ꯱.꯰꯹ ꯱.꯱꯰ ꯱.꯱꯱ ꯱.꯱꯲ ꯱.꯱꯳ ꯱.꯱꯴ ꯱.꯱꯵ Williams, D. R. (1 July 2013). Sun Fact Sheet. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Retrieved on 12 August 2013
  2. Zombeck, Martin V. (1990). Handbook of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press. 
  3. Asplund, M.; Grevesse, N.; Sauval, A. J. (2006). "The new solar abundances – Part I: the observations". Communications in Asteroseismology. 147: 76–79. Bibcode:2006CoAst.147...76A. doi:10.1553/cia147s76.
  4. Eclipse 99: Frequently Asked Questions. NASA. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010 ꯫ Retrieved on 24 October 2010
  5. Hinshaw, G.; et al. (2009). "Five-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe observations: data processing, sky maps, and basic results". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 180 (2): 225–245. arXiv:0803.0732. Bibcode:2009ApJS..180..225H. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/180/2/225.
  6. ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Cite arxiv
  7. Emilio, Marcelo; Kuhn, Jeff R.; Bush, Rock I.; Scholl, Isabelle F. (2012), "Measuring the Solar Radius from Space during the 2003 and 2006 Mercury Transits", The Astrophysical Journal, 750 (2): 135, arXiv:1203.4898, Bibcode:2012ApJ...750..135E, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/750/2/135
  8. ꯸.꯰꯰ ꯸.꯰꯱ ꯸.꯰꯲ ꯸.꯰꯳ ꯸.꯰꯴ ꯸.꯰꯵ ꯸.꯰꯶ ꯸.꯰꯷ ꯸.꯰꯸ ꯸.꯰꯹ ꯸.꯱꯰ ꯸.꯱꯱ Solar System Exploration: Planets: Sun: Facts & Figures. NASA. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008
  9. Ko, M. (1999). Elert, G.:Density of the Sun.
  10. Bonanno, A.; Schlattl, H.; Paternò, L. (2002). "The age of the Sun and the relativistic corrections in the EOS". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 390 (3): 1115–1118. arXiv:astro-ph/0204331. Bibcode:2002A&A...390.1115B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20020749.
  11. Connelly, JN; Bizzarro, M; Krot, AN; Nordlund, Å; Wielandt, D; Ivanova, MA (2 November 2012). "The Absolute Chronology and Thermal Processing of Solids in the Solar Protoplanetary Disk". Science. 338 (6107): 651–655. Bibcode:2012Sci...338..651C. doi:10.1126/science.1226919. PMID 23118187. Retrieved 17 March 2014.ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Registration required
  12. ꯱꯲.꯰ ꯱꯲.꯱ Report Of The IAU/IAG Working Group On Cartographic Coordinates And Rotational Elements Of The Planets And Satellites: 2000 (2000). Retrieved on 22 March 2006
  13. The Sun's Vital Statistics. Stanford Solar Center. Retrieved on 29 July 2008 ꯫ Citing Eddy, J. (1979). A New Sun: The Solar Results From Skylab. NASA, 37. NASA SP-402. 
"https://mni.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ&oldid=20686" ꯃꯐꯝꯗꯨꯗꯒꯤ ꯂꯧꯈꯠꯂꯛꯄꯥ