Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam (Script error: The function "name_from_tag" does not exist.)
Motto: Độc lập – Tự do – Hạnh phúc
"Independence – Freedom – Happiness"
|ꯈ꯭ꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯎꯕ city||Ho Chi Minh City|
|Official language||None[n ꯱]|
|ꯂꯩꯉꯥꯛ||Unitary Marxist-Leninist one-party socialist republic|
|Nguyễn Phú Trọng|
|Nguyễn Phú Trọng|
|Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh|
|Nguyễn Xuân Phúc|
|Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân|
|2 September 1945|
|21 July 1954|
|2 July 1976|
|28 November 2013[n ꯳]|
|ꯃꯐꯝ ꯄꯥꯛ ꯆꯥꯎꯕ|
|꯳,꯳꯱,꯲꯱꯲ ꯀꯤꯂꯣꯃꯤꯇꯔ ꯁ꯭ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯔ%s (65th)|
• ꯏꯁꯤꯡ (%)
• 2016 estimate
• ꯀꯨꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯡ
|꯲꯷꯶.꯰꯳/km2 (꯷꯱꯴.꯹/sq mi) (46th)|
|ꯖꯤ•ꯗꯤ•ꯄꯤ (ꯄꯤ•ꯄꯤ•ꯄꯤ)||2019 ꯑꯣꯏꯕꯌꯥꯕ ꯆꯥꯡ|
|$769.928 billion (35th)|
• ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯱ ꯗ
|ꯖꯤ•ꯗꯤ•ꯄꯤ (nominal)||2019 ꯑꯣꯏꯕ ꯌꯥꯕ|
|$260.301 billion (47th)|
• ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯱ ꯗ
medium · 116th
|ꯁꯦꯟꯌꯦꯛ||đồng (₫) (VND)|
|ꯃꯇꯝꯒꯤ ꯃꯐꯝ||ꯌꯨ•ꯇꯤ•ꯁꯤ+07:00 (Vietnam Standard Time)|
|ꯌꯥꯡꯗꯧ ꯊꯧꯕꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯥꯏ||right|
ꯚꯦꯠꯅꯥꯝ (ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Lang-vi ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:IPA-vi), officially the ꯁꯣꯁꯤꯌꯦꯜꯂꯤꯁ ꯔꯤꯄ꯭ꯂꯥꯕꯤꯛ ꯑꯣꯐ ꯚꯦꯠꯅꯥꯝ (ꯇꯦꯝꯄ꯭ꯂꯦꯠ:Ang-vi), ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯁꯤ ꯅꯣꯡꯄꯣꯛ ꯏꯊꯪ ꯊꯪꯕ ꯁꯔꯨꯛꯇ ꯂꯩꯕis the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula. With an estimated 94.6 million inhabitants as of 2016[update], it is the 15th most populous country in the world. ꯚꯦꯠꯅꯥꯝ ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛ ꯑꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯑꯋꯥꯡ ꯊꯪꯕ ꯂꯝꯈꯩꯗ ꯆꯥꯏꯅ ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛꯀ ꯁꯝꯅꯩ ꯂꯥꯎꯁ ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯀꯝꯕꯣꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛ ꯲ ꯑꯁꯤꯅ ꯅꯣꯡꯆꯨꯞ ꯂꯣꯝ ꯊꯪꯕ ꯁꯔꯨꯛꯇ ꯉꯝꯈꯩ ꯄꯔꯤꯡ ꯑꯣꯏ ꯫ It shares its maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia through the South China Sea.[n ꯴] Its capital city is Hanoi, while its most populous city is Ho Chi Minh City.
Archaeological excavations indicate that Vietnam was inhabited as early as the Paleolithic age. The ancient Vietnamese nation was annexed by China in the 2nd century BC, which subsequently made Vietnam a division of China for over a millennium. The first independent monarchy emerged in the 10th century AD. This paved the way for successive imperial dynasties as the nation expanded geographically southward until the Indochina Peninsula was colonised by the French in the mid-19th century. Modern Vietnam was born upon the Declaration of Independence from France in 1945. Following Vietnamese victory against the French in the First Indochina War, which ended in 1954, the nation was divided into two rival states: communist North and anti-communist South. Conflicts intensified in the Vietnam War, which saw extensive US intervention in support of South Vietnam and ended with North Vietnamese victory in 1975.
ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]
- The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Vietnam News Agency (15 January 2014). Retrieved on 13 June 2019 ꯫
- Communist Party of Vietnam 2004.
- Bielefeldt 2014.
- Jeffries 2007, p. 4.
- Constitution of Vietnam 2014.
- United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
- International Monetary Fund.
- World Bank 2016a.
- Human Development Report 2018, p. 23.
- Cham 2012.
<ref> tags exist for a group named "n", but no corresponding
<references group="n"/> tag was found