ꯅꯣꯡꯁꯥꯄ

ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
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ꯅꯣꯡꯁꯥꯕ
(ꯑꯔꯤꯕ ꯃꯤꯇꯩꯂꯣꯟ: ꯅꯣꯡꯁꯥꯄ)
ꯎꯃꯪ ꯂꯥꯏ ꯃꯤꯇꯩ ꯈꯣꯌꯨꯝ ꯂꯥꯏꯌꯥꯝꯁꯤꯡ[꯵][꯶]ꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡ ꯆꯟꯕꯅꯤ ꯫
ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ ꯅꯣꯡꯁꯥꯄꯥ.jpg
ꯑꯇꯩ ꯃꯃꯤꯡNongshaba (ꯑꯔꯤꯕ ꯃꯤꯇꯩꯂꯣꯟ: Nongshapa)
Nongsaba (ꯑꯔꯤꯕ ꯃꯤꯇꯩꯂꯣꯟ: Nongsapa)
Tholbu Chinglen Nongdai Ningthou (ꯑꯔꯤꯕ ꯃꯤꯇꯩꯂꯣꯟ: Tholpu Chinglen Nongtai Ningthou)[꯷]
Affiliationꯃꯤꯇꯩ ꯃꯤ ꯂꯥꯏ ꯇꯤꯟꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯤꯁꯤꯡ (ꯃꯩꯇꯩ ꯃꯤ ꯂꯥꯏ ꯇꯤꯟꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯤꯁꯤꯡ)
ꯃꯤꯇꯩꯒꯤ ꯈꯨꯟꯅꯨꯡ ꯂꯤꯆꯠ (ꯃꯩꯇꯩꯒꯤ ꯈꯨꯟꯅꯨꯡ ꯂꯤꯆꯠ)
ꯃꯤꯇꯩ ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡ (ꯁꯅꯥꯃꯍꯤ ꯂꯥꯢꯅꯤꯡ)
Major cult centerUmang Lai cults
ꯌꯨꯝHeaven and Earth
ꯑꯏꯕ ꯂꯥꯇꯝ(ꯁꯤꯡ)Nongshaba Laihui[꯸]
ꯅꯨꯄꯥ/ꯅꯨꯄꯤMale
ꯃꯐꯝAncient Kangleipak (early Manipur)
ꯐꯨꯂꯨꯞ ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯨꯞMeitei ethnicity
ꯀꯨꯝꯍꯩꯁꯤꯡLai Haraoba
ꯑꯀꯨꯞꯄ ꯋꯥꯔꯣꯜ
ꯃꯄꯥ ꯃꯃꯥSalailen Sidaba (father)
ꯃꯆꯤꯟ ꯃꯅꯥꯎ
ꯃꯇꯩ ꯃꯅꯥꯎ
  • Thongnang Leicha Khombi (mentioned in the "Nongsaba Laihui")
  • Sarungleima (alias "Sarunglaima")[꯹][꯱꯰]
OffspringThangching (Thangjing)[꯱꯱][꯱꯲][꯱꯳][꯱꯴] (born from Sarungleima[꯱꯵])

ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ ꯅꯣꯡꯁꯥꯕ ꯅꯠꯇ꯭ꯔꯒ ꯀꯪꯂꯥꯁꯥ ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯒꯤ ꯁꯥꯏꯑꯣꯟ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

  1. Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (1901). Man, Robarts - University of Toronto (in en), London, 85 (in the original book), 109 (in the digital version). 
  2. (1913) Man, Original from:the University of Michigan (in en), Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 10, 81, 85. “Nongshāba . — The head Maiba of Moirang informed me that when the universe was in the making and all was dark this powerful “ Lai ” produced light . Nongshāba may mean maker of the sun . 2 Lai - sang.- This is a prosaic looking building ...” 
  3. ꯳.꯰ ꯳.꯱ (1989) Internationales Asienforum: International Quarterly for Asian Studies, Original from:the University of Michigan (in en, de), Weltform Verlag., 300. “Lainingthou Nongsaba ( Lion , King of the Gods )” 
  4. (1993) Folk Culture of Manipur. ISBN 9788170490630. 
  5. General, India Office of the Registrar (1962). Census of India, 1961, Original from : the University of Michigan (in en), Manager of Publications, 53. “Nongshaba and his wife Sarunglaima come in person, two by no means beautiful figures. The reason of this is that they are the parents of the Thangjing. Nongshaba is the greatest of the umang - lai or forest gods.” 
  6. Parratt, Saroj Nalini (1980). The Religion of Manipur: Beliefs, Rituals, and Historical Development, Original from:the University of Virginia (in en), Firma KLM, 15, 118, 125. ISBN 978-0-8364-0594-1. “There are two references also to Nongshāba, who, as we have seen, was the father of the Moirāng god Thāngjing.” 
  7. Singh, Ch Manihar (1996). A History of Manipuri Literature, Original from:the University of Michigan (in en), Sahitya Akademi, 83, 84. ISBN 978-81-260-0086-9. “Nongsābā Lāihui is a magnificat to Nongsābā who is taken to be the second son of the Universal Lord . He is also known as Tholbu Chinglen Nongdāi Ningthou and is not much referred to as having assigned or taken a great role in the creation of the universe or stood in the way of his elder brother Asheebā while executing the gigantic task.” 
  8. Singh, Ch Manihar (1996). A History of Manipuri Literature, Original from:the University of Michigan (in en), Sahitya Akademi, 83, 84. ISBN 978-81-260-0086-9. “Nongsābā Lāihui is a magnificat to Nongsābā who is taken to be the second son of the Universal Lord . He is also known as Tholbu Chinglen Nongdāi Ningthou and is not much referred to as having assigned or taken a great role in the creation of the universe or stood in the way of his elder brother Asheebā while executing the gigantic task.” 
  9. Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (1901). Man, Robarts - University of Toronto (in en), London, 81 (in the original book), 104 (in the digital version). 
  10. (1913) Man, Original from:the University of Michigan (in en), Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 10, 81, 85. “Nongshāba . — The head Maiba of Moirang informed me that when the universe was in the making and all was dark this powerful “ Lai ” produced light . Nongshāba may mean maker of the sun . 2 Lai - sang.- This is a prosaic looking building ...” 
  11. Singh, N. Joykumar (2006). Ethnic Relations Among the People of North-East India (in en). Centre for Manipur Studies, Manipur University and Akansha Publishing House, 47, 48. ISBN 978-81-8370-081-8. “Not only this, the deity of Lord Nongshaba was also worshipped by both communities. To the Moirangs, Nongshaba was worshipped as lineage deity and regarded as the father of Lord Thangjing.” 
  12. General, India Office of the Registrar (1962). Census of India, 1961, Original from : the University of Michigan (in en), Manager of Publications, 53. “Nongshaba and his wife Sarunglaima come in person, two by no means beautiful figures. The reason of this is that they are the parents of the Thangjing. Nongshaba is the greatest of the umang - lai or forest gods.” 
  13. Parratt, Saroj Nalini (1980). The Religion of Manipur: Beliefs, Rituals, and Historical Development, Original from:the University of Virginia (in en), Firma KLM, 15, 118, 125. ISBN 978-0-8364-0594-1. “There are two references also to Nongshāba, who, as we have seen, was the father of the Moirāng god Thāngjing.” 
  14. (1913) Anthropos, Original from:Princeton University (in en, fr, de, it), Zaunrith'sche Buch-, Kunst- und Steindruckerei, 888. “Ses parents sont Nongshaba et son épouse Sarumglaima . Le premier est le plus grand des Umanglai ou dieux de la forêt ; il produisit un fils unique , Thangjing , le dieu suprême de Moirang . La manifestation de Thangjing constitue le ...” 
  15. Leach, Marjorie (1992). Guide to the gods, Archive (in en), Gale Research, 68. ISBN 978-1-873477-85-4. 
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