ꯏꯂꯩꯃ

ꯋꯤꯀꯤꯄꯦꯗꯤꯌꯥ ꯗꯒꯤ
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ꯏꯂꯩꯃ
ꯏꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ
ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯨꯡ ꯆꯟꯕꯅꯤ ꯫
IRAI LEIMA.jpg
ꯑꯇꯩ ꯃꯃꯤꯡꯏꯔꯩꯃ, ꯏꯔꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ, ꯏꯔꯥꯏ ꯂꯩꯃ, ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ, ꯏꯂꯥꯏ ꯂꯩꯃ, ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯊꯥꯡ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ, ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯪꯊꯥꯪ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ
Venerated inꯏꯁꯤꯡ
Affiliationꯃꯤꯇꯩ ꯃꯤ ꯂꯥꯢ ꯇꯤꯟꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯤ (ꯃꯩꯇꯩ ꯃꯤ ꯂꯥꯢ ꯇꯤꯟꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯤ) ꯑꯃꯗꯤ ꯃꯤꯇꯩ ꯂꯥꯢꯅꯤꯡ (ꯁꯅꯥꯃꯍꯤ ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡ)
Major cult centreꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯊꯥꯡ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯂꯥꯢꯁꯪ
ꯌꯨꯝꯏꯁꯤꯡ
ꯑꯏꯕ ꯂꯥꯇꯝ(ꯁꯤꯡ)ꯄꯨꯌꯥꯁꯤꯡ
ꯅꯨꯄꯥ/ꯅꯨꯄꯤꯅꯨꯄꯤ
ꯃꯐꯝꯑꯂꯤꯄ ꯀꯪꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛ (ꯑꯔꯤꯕ ꯃꯅꯤꯄꯨꯔ)
ꯐꯨꯂꯨꯞ ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯨꯞꯃꯤꯇꯩ ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯨꯞ
ꯂꯥꯏꯁꯪꯁꯤꯡꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯊꯥꯡ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯂꯥꯢꯁꯪ
ꯀꯨꯝꯍꯩꯁꯤꯡꯂꯥꯢ ꯍꯔꯥꯎꯕ
ꯑꯀꯨꯞꯄ ꯋꯥꯔꯣꯜ
ꯃꯄꯥ ꯃꯃꯥ
ꯃꯆꯤꯟ ꯃꯅꯥꯎꯐꯧꯑꯣꯢꯕꯤ (ꯐꯧꯂꯩꯃ), ꯉꯥꯂꯩꯃ (ꯉꯥꯔꯩꯃ), ꯊꯨꯝꯂꯩꯃ
ꯃꯇꯩ ꯃꯅꯥꯎꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ
Equivalents
ꯒ꯭ꯔꯤꯛ ꯂꯦꯡꯃꯥꯟꯅꯕꯑꯦꯝꯐꯤꯇ꯭ꯔꯥꯢꯇꯤ
ꯔꯣꯃꯥꯟ ꯂꯦꯡꯃꯥꯟꯅꯕꯁꯦꯂꯥꯁꯤꯌꯥ

ꯏꯂꯩꯃ (ꯅꯠꯇ꯭ꯔꯒ ꯏꯔꯩꯃ ꯅꯠꯇ꯭ꯔꯒ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯅꯠꯇ꯭ꯔꯒ ꯏꯂꯥꯏ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯅꯠꯇ꯭ꯔꯒ ꯏꯔꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯅꯠꯇ꯭ꯔꯒ ꯏꯔꯥꯏ ꯂꯩꯃ) ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯂꯤꯄ ꯀꯪꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛ (ꯑꯔꯤꯕ ꯃꯅꯤꯄꯨꯔ)ꯀꯤ ꯃꯤꯇꯩ ꯃꯤ ꯂꯥꯢ ꯇꯤꯟꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯤ (ꯃꯩꯇꯩ ꯃꯤ ꯂꯥꯢ ꯇꯤꯟꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯔꯤ) ꯑꯃꯗꯤ ꯃꯤꯇꯩ ꯂꯥꯢꯅꯤꯡ (ꯁꯅꯥꯃꯍꯤ ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡ)ꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯏꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯢꯂꯦꯝꯄꯤ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫[꯱][꯲][꯳] ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯑꯅꯥ ꯑꯌꯦꯛ, ꯂꯥꯢꯅꯥ ꯇꯤꯟꯅꯥꯒꯤꯁꯨ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤꯅꯤ ꯫[꯴]

ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯒꯤ ꯂꯣꯢꯅꯕꯤꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯈꯣꯢ ꯑꯅꯤꯁꯤ ꯏꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯢ ꯑꯣꯢꯅ ꯂꯧꯅꯩ ꯫[꯵]

ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯂꯣꯟ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯋꯥꯔꯤ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ (ꯏꯔꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ) ꯑꯁꯤ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯒꯤ ꯃꯆꯥꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯆꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯄꯣꯠꯀꯥꯞ ꯇꯦꯟꯀꯥꯞꯀꯤ ꯂꯝꯗ ꯆꯪꯈꯣꯜꯂꯤ ꯫ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯀꯥ ꯍꯦꯟꯅ ꯐꯖꯕꯒꯤ ꯈꯪꯅꯩ ꯫ ꯅꯣꯡꯃ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃꯅ ꯂꯤꯋꯥ ꯇꯨꯔꯦꯜꯒꯤ ꯇꯣꯔꯕꯥꯟꯗ ꯉꯥ ꯐꯥꯔꯤꯉꯩ ꯈꯨꯃꯟꯒꯤ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯅ ꯎꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯐꯖꯕꯗꯨ ꯎꯕꯗ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃꯗ ꯉꯥꯎꯖꯈꯤ, ꯅꯨꯡꯁꯤꯖꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯈꯨꯃꯟ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯅ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯄꯨꯛꯅꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯋꯥꯐꯝ ꯐꯣꯡꯗꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤꯗ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃꯅ ꯃꯄꯥꯕꯨꯡꯒꯤ ꯑꯄꯥꯝꯕꯅ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯑꯄꯥꯝꯕ ꯑꯣꯢꯒꯅꯤ ꯈꯨꯝꯂꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯗꯨꯅ ꯈꯨꯃꯟ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯅ ꯃꯅꯥꯢꯁꯤꯡꯒ ꯇꯥꯟꯅꯔꯕ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯒꯤ ꯃꯐꯝꯗ ꯈꯨꯗꯣꯜꯄꯣꯠꯁꯤꯡ ꯈꯨꯗꯣꯜ ꯇꯝꯂꯛꯈꯤ ꯫[꯶]

ꯈꯨꯃꯟ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯅ ꯊꯧ ꯑꯃ ꯂꯥꯡꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯀꯔꯤꯒꯨꯝꯕ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯅ ꯃꯆꯥꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯄꯤꯕ ꯌꯥꯔꯛꯂꯕꯗꯤ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯤꯖꯅ ꯂꯨꯍꯣꯡꯂꯦ, ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯀꯔꯤꯒꯨꯝꯕ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯅ ꯃꯆꯥꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯄꯤꯕ ꯌꯥꯔꯛꯇ꯭ꯔꯕꯗꯤ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃꯕꯨ ꯅꯝꯗꯨꯅ ꯐꯥꯔꯒ ꯄꯨꯔꯛꯀꯅꯤ ꯍꯥꯢꯅ ꯊꯧꯔꯥꯡꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯈꯨꯃꯟ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯌꯥꯝꯅ ꯀꯥ ꯍꯦꯟꯅ ꯇꯛꯁꯤꯜꯂꯛꯄ ꯃꯑꯣꯡꯗꯨ ꯎꯕꯗ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯅ ꯁꯥꯎꯅꯤꯡꯕꯗꯒꯤ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯈꯨꯗꯣꯜꯄꯣꯠꯁꯤꯡ ꯄꯨꯝꯅꯃꯛ ꯅꯨꯡ ꯑꯣꯜꯍꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤꯗ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯥꯢ ꯃꯁꯦꯟ ꯄꯨꯝꯅꯃꯛ ꯀꯤꯗꯨꯅ ꯆꯦꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯈꯨꯃꯟ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄ ꯅꯤꯡꯕ ꯀꯥꯢꯗꯨꯅ ꯌꯨꯝ ꯍꯜꯂꯛꯈꯤ ꯫[꯷]

ꯅꯣꯡꯃ ꯈꯨꯃꯟ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯅ ꯇꯦꯔꯥ ꯄꯥꯝꯕꯤ (Bambax malabaricum)ꯒꯤ ꯃꯔꯥꯗꯒꯤ ꯁꯨꯡꯕ ꯋꯥꯡꯂꯩ ꯌꯨ ꯊꯛꯂꯨꯕꯗꯒꯤ ꯃꯁꯥ ꯉꯥꯎꯈꯠꯂꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯗꯨꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯎꯟꯅꯅꯤꯡꯉꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯎꯟꯅꯅꯕ ꯂꯥꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡ ꯍꯤ ꯑꯃ ꯇꯣꯡꯗꯨꯅ ꯂꯥꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯈꯨꯃꯟ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄ ꯂꯥꯛꯄ ꯎꯕꯗ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯄꯥꯈ꯭ꯔꯥ ꯆꯤꯡꯗ ꯆꯦꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯅ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯇꯝꯅ ꯇꯥꯟꯅꯔꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤ ꯄꯨꯝꯅꯃꯛ ꯎꯕꯗ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯅ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯤ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯅꯨꯡ ꯑꯣꯜꯍꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯗꯨꯒ ꯍꯤꯒꯤ ꯅꯥꯎ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯄꯥꯝꯕꯤ ꯑꯣꯜꯍꯟꯈꯤ ꯫[꯸] ꯃꯁꯤꯗ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯅ ꯁꯥꯎꯔꯛꯇꯨꯅ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ ꯍꯥꯠꯂꯒꯦ ꯈꯟꯅ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯇꯝꯅ ꯂꯥꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤꯗ ꯍꯩꯕꯣꯛ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯅ ꯈꯨꯃꯟ ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯛꯄꯕꯨ ꯅꯨꯡ ꯑꯣꯜꯍꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤ ꯄꯨꯝꯅꯃꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯎꯕꯗ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯃꯄꯥꯕꯨ ꯀꯤꯖꯈꯤꯗꯨꯅ ꯆꯦꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃꯅ ꯄꯥꯈ꯭ꯔꯥ ꯆꯤꯡ ꯐꯥꯎꯗꯨꯅ ꯆꯦꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅ ꯂꯤꯋꯥ ꯇꯨꯔꯦꯜꯁꯨ ꯂꯥꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯏꯀꯣꯟ ꯀꯣꯟꯅ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯁꯔꯥꯡꯊꯦꯝ ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯌꯨꯝ ꯌꯧꯔꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅ ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯌꯨꯝꯒꯤ ꯐꯧ ꯀꯣꯠꯇ ꯆꯪꯗꯨꯅ ꯂꯣꯠꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯁꯔꯥꯡꯊꯦꯝ ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕ ꯑꯃꯗꯤ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯊꯣꯢꯗꯤꯡꯖꯝ ꯆꯅꯨ ꯑꯃꯨꯔꯩ ꯑꯅꯤꯅ ꯂꯧ ꯀꯨꯝꯈꯤꯕ ꯃꯇꯝꯗ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃꯅ ꯃꯈꯣꯢꯒꯤ ꯏꯃꯨꯡꯒꯤ ꯊꯕꯛ ꯊꯧꯔꯝ ꯄꯨꯝꯅꯃꯛ ꯂꯣꯢꯁꯤꯟꯕꯤꯔꯝꯃꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯈꯣꯢ ꯌꯨꯝꯗ ꯍꯜꯂꯛꯄ ꯃꯇꯝꯗ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯀꯤ ꯍꯥꯟꯅꯒꯤ ꯂꯣꯠꯐꯝꯗ ꯑꯃꯨꯛ ꯆꯪꯗꯨꯅ ꯂꯣꯠꯈꯤ ꯫[꯹]

ꯃꯇꯩ ꯃꯅꯥꯎ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯊꯧꯗꯣꯛ ꯑꯁꯤꯗ ꯑꯉꯛꯄ ꯄꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ ꯈꯨꯗꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯊꯣꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤꯗ ꯅꯣꯡꯃ ꯁꯔꯥꯡꯊꯦꯝ ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕꯅ ꯌꯨꯝꯗ ꯍꯥꯟꯅꯒꯤ ꯍꯜꯂꯛꯄ ꯃꯇꯝꯗꯒꯤ ꯈꯔ ꯉꯟꯅ ꯍꯜꯂꯛꯇꯨꯅ ꯌꯦꯡꯂꯨꯕꯗ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯎꯔꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃꯒꯤ ꯃꯅꯥꯛ ꯆꯪꯂꯨꯕꯗ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯀꯣꯠ ꯃꯈꯥꯗ ꯆꯦꯟꯁꯤꯟꯈꯤꯗꯨꯅ ꯃꯥꯡꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅ ꯇꯥꯟꯅꯗꯨꯅ ꯀꯣꯠ ꯃꯈꯥꯗ ꯌꯦꯡꯂꯨꯕꯗ ꯀꯅꯥ ꯑꯃꯇꯁꯨ ꯂꯩꯔꯝꯈꯤꯗꯦ ꯫ ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕꯅ ꯋꯥꯐꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯁꯥꯒꯩꯒꯤ ꯃꯤꯄꯨꯝ ꯈꯨꯗꯤꯡ ꯇꯝꯗꯨꯅ ꯄꯨꯟꯅ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃꯕꯨ ꯊꯤꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯈꯣꯢꯅ ꯊꯤꯕꯗ ꯐꯪꯈꯤꯗꯦ ꯫[꯱꯰]

ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃꯅ ꯁꯔꯥꯡꯊꯦꯝ ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯪꯗ ꯂꯥꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯍꯥꯛꯅ ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯃꯃꯪꯗ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯁꯥꯒꯩꯗ ꯇꯤꯜꯂꯦ ꯍꯥꯢꯔꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯗꯨꯅ ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯃꯆꯥꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯑꯣꯢꯔꯕꯅꯤ ꯍꯥꯢꯔꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕꯅ ꯋꯥꯐꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ ꯁꯦꯟꯕꯤ ꯀꯤꯌꯥꯝꯕꯗ ꯇꯝꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯅ ꯃꯥꯢꯕ ꯃꯥꯢꯕꯤ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯊꯥꯔꯛꯇꯨꯅ ꯊꯧꯗꯣꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯌꯦꯡꯁꯤꯜꯍꯟꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯌꯦꯡꯁꯤꯜꯂꯕ ꯃꯇꯨꯡꯗ ꯃꯥꯢꯕ ꯃꯥꯢꯕꯤꯁꯤꯡꯅ ꯅꯨꯄꯤ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤꯅꯤ ꯍꯥꯢꯔꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯗꯨꯅ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯂꯥꯠꯂꯁꯤ ꯍꯥꯢꯔꯛꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯁꯨꯝꯅ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯑꯣꯢꯅ ꯂꯥꯠꯈꯤ ꯫[꯱꯱]

ꯂꯨꯋꯥꯡꯕꯅ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯏꯍꯥꯟ ꯍꯥꯟꯅ ꯎꯕ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯂꯝꯇꯥꯒꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯀꯥꯄ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠꯇꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯑꯗꯨꯒ ꯃꯥꯢꯕ ꯃꯥꯢꯕꯤꯁꯤꯡꯅ ꯋꯥꯐꯝ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯏꯍꯥꯟ ꯍꯥꯟꯅ ꯌꯦꯡꯁꯤꯟꯈꯤꯕ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ ꯑꯗꯨ ꯂꯝꯇꯥꯒꯤ ꯑꯍꯥꯟꯕ ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛꯄꯣꯛꯄ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠꯇꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯉꯁꯤ ꯐꯥꯎꯕ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ ꯁꯦꯟꯕꯤ ꯀꯤꯌꯥꯝꯕ (1467-1508 AD)ꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯝꯗꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯅ ꯆꯍꯤ ꯈꯨꯗꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯁꯔꯥꯡꯊꯦꯝ ꯁꯥꯒꯩꯅ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯑꯁꯤꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛꯇ ꯆꯥꯛꯂꯦꯟ ꯀꯠꯄ ꯆꯠꯅꯔꯤ ꯫ ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯀꯣꯟꯅ ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯊꯥꯡ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯍꯥꯢꯅ ꯁꯛꯈꯪꯂꯛꯈꯤ ꯫[꯱꯲]

ꯏꯔꯥꯠ ꯊꯧꯅꯤ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯀꯔꯤꯒꯨꯝꯕ ꯃꯤꯁꯛ ꯑꯃ ꯏꯁꯤꯡꯗ ꯏꯔꯨꯞꯂꯨꯕ, ꯏꯔꯣꯢꯂꯨꯕ ꯅꯠꯇ꯭ꯔꯒ ꯏꯔꯨꯖꯔꯨꯕꯗꯒꯤ ꯅꯥꯔꯛꯄ ꯊꯣꯛꯂꯕꯗꯤ ꯏꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯢ ꯏꯔꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ ꯑꯃꯗꯤ ꯏꯔꯥꯢ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ ꯑꯅꯤꯅ ꯃꯤꯁꯛ ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯐꯥꯖꯤꯜꯂꯤꯅꯤ ꯍꯥꯢꯅ ꯊꯥꯖꯅꯩ ꯫ ꯑꯗꯨꯅ ꯑꯃꯨꯛ ꯃꯁꯥ ꯐꯒꯠꯂꯛꯍꯟꯅꯅꯕ ꯃꯤꯌꯥꯝꯅ ꯂꯥꯢ ꯑꯅꯤꯁꯤꯕꯨ ꯈꯨꯔꯨꯝꯅꯩ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤꯒꯤꯗꯃꯛ ꯃꯥꯢꯕꯅ ꯊꯧ ꯇꯧꯕꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤꯗ ꯌꯦꯔꯨꯝ ꯲ ꯑꯃꯗꯤ ꯆꯥꯛ ꯍꯥꯞꯂꯕ ꯋꯥꯒꯤ ꯀꯣꯟ ꯷ ꯀꯠꯅꯩ ꯫[꯱꯳] ꯊꯥꯗꯧ ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯨꯞꯀꯤ ꯃꯤꯌꯥꯝꯅ ꯂꯥꯢ ꯑꯅꯤꯁꯤꯕꯨ ꯌꯥꯝꯅ ꯂꯨꯅ ꯅꯤꯡꯅꯩ ꯫ ꯃꯈꯣꯢꯅ ꯂꯥꯢ ꯑꯅꯤꯁꯤꯕꯨ ꯂꯥꯠꯂꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯈꯣꯢꯅ ꯂꯥꯢ ꯑꯅꯤꯁꯤꯗ ꯁꯥ ꯉꯥ ꯀꯠꯂꯤ ꯫ ꯀꯠꯄ ꯁꯥ ꯉꯥ, ꯁꯥ ꯎꯆꯦꯛꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯃꯔꯛꯇ ꯌꯦꯟ ꯑꯉꯧꯕ, ꯑꯣꯛ, ꯍꯨꯢ ꯅꯠꯇ꯭ꯔꯒ ꯍꯥꯃꯦꯡ ꯂꯥꯕ ꯌꯥꯎꯅꯩ ꯫[꯱꯴]

ꯑꯇꯣꯞꯄ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤꯁꯤꯡꯒ ꯃꯔꯤ ꯂꯩꯅꯕ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯏꯂꯩꯃ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯂꯩꯃꯔꯦꯜ ꯁꯤꯗꯕꯤꯒꯤ ꯁꯥꯢꯑꯣꯟ ꯂꯥꯡꯑꯣꯟ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯍꯥꯢꯅ ꯂꯧꯅꯩ ꯫[꯱꯵] ꯃꯍꯥꯛ ꯑꯁꯤ ꯏꯃꯣꯢꯅꯨ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤꯒꯤ ꯁꯥꯢꯑꯣꯟ ꯂꯥꯡꯑꯣꯟ ꯑꯃꯅꯤ ꯍꯥꯢꯅꯁꯨ ꯊꯥꯖꯅꯩ ꯫[꯱꯶]

ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯊꯥꯡꯗ ꯂꯥꯠꯂꯤꯕꯤ ꯏꯂꯩꯃ (ꯏꯂꯥꯢ ꯂꯩꯃ) (ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯊꯥꯡ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ) ꯑꯁꯤ ꯄꯥꯝꯍꯩꯕ ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯒꯤ ꯍꯥꯛꯇꯛꯇ ꯍꯤꯟꯗꯨ ꯂꯥꯢꯅꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯂꯥꯢꯔꯦꯝꯕꯤ ꯀꯥꯃꯥꯈ꯭ꯌꯥ (ꯗꯨꯔꯒꯥꯒꯤ ꯁꯛꯂꯣꯟ ꯑꯃ)ꯗ ꯑꯣꯟꯊꯣꯛꯄꯤꯈꯤ ꯫ ꯗꯨꯔꯒꯥ ꯏꯂꯥꯠꯄ ꯀꯨꯝꯍꯩꯒꯤ ꯳ꯁꯨꯕ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ ꯑꯁꯤ "ꯕꯣꯔ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ" ("ꯊꯧꯖꯥꯜ ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ")ꯅꯤ ꯍꯥꯢꯅ ꯂꯧꯅꯩ ꯫[꯱꯷][꯱꯸]

ꯃꯃꯤꯡ ꯂꯩꯕ ꯐꯝꯄꯥꯛꯁꯤꯡꯗ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯃꯔꯤ ꯂꯩꯅꯕ ꯂꯃꯥꯢꯁꯤꯡ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ[ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯨ | ꯁꯦꯝꯒꯠꯂꯛꯄꯒꯤ ꯍꯧꯔꯛꯐꯝ]

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  2. Devi, Dr Yumlembam Gopi. Glimpses of Manipuri Culture (in en). Lulu.com. ISBN 978-0-359-72919-7. 
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  13. T C Das (1945). The Purums 1945, 247. 
  14. T C Das (1945). The Purums 1945, 247. 
  15. Gassah, L. S. (1998). Traditional Institutions of Meghalaya: A Case Study of Doloi and His Administration (in en). Regency Publications. ISBN 978-81-86030-49-3. 
  16. Devi, Dr Yumlembam Gopi. Glimpses of Manipuri Culture (in en). Lulu.com. ISBN 978-0-359-72919-7. 
  17. Lisam, Khomdan Singh (2011). Encyclopaedia Of Manipur (3 Vol.) (in en). Gyan Publishing House, 676. ISBN 978-81-7835-864-2. 
  18. Noni, Arambam (2015-10-16). Colonialism and Resistance: Society and State in Manipur (in en). Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-27066-9. 
  19. Laihui Ensemble Manipur – Phou-oibi, the Rice Goddess to perform at Esplanade Theatre Studio Singapore.
  20. Phou-Oibi, the Rice Goddess by Laihui Ensemble.
  21. Phouoibi Shayon to be shown at Shankar : 01st apr17 ~ E-Pao! Headlines.
  22. Phouoibi Shayon to be shown at Shankar – Manipur News.
  23. Gurumayum, Maheshwar. Film Release - Imphal Times.


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